Who cried for them?
Un B-24 “Liberator”, arme de la “croisade des démocraties”, en train de libérer l’Europe
arce qu’il n’existait à Dresde aucun objectif militaire ou industriel, Dresde était devenue un centre de réfugiés, d’évacués et de blessés, où résidaient beaucoup de vieillards, de femmes et d’enfants. Une ville d’art et de refuge. Pour cette raison, elle ne comportait qu’une défense aérienne insignifiante. Les autorités allemandes ne supposaient pas qu’elle pût être une cible. Au cours de la nuit du 13 au 14 février 1945, elle fut cependant incendiée et détruite par deux raids de bombardiers Lancaster.
A 1 h 45 : 529 bombardiers Lancaster surgissent. Mille hectares sont ravagés par les explosions. 10 h du matin : 450 « forteresses volantes » mettent le point final, tandis que plus de 200 chasseurs Mustang mitraillent au sol tout ce qui a encore l’apparence de la vie » (1).
On estime que plus de 130.000 personnes, des civils, périrent carbonisés ou asphyxiés.
Un ouvrage allemand apporte les précisions suivantes sur l’attaque : « Une pluie terrible d’environ 650.000 bombes incendiaires tomba sur le centre de la ville, provoquant une tornade de feu d’une dimension incroyable avec une force de destruction dévorante (…). Plus hautes que les maisons, des barricades de flammes barrèrent le chemin à ceux qui cherchaient un refuge. Leur mort fut horrible. L’attaque avaut duré à peine vingt-cinq minutes. A des dizaines de kilomètres, on pouvait voir, daun un ciel rouge sang, le fanal de la fournaise dans laquelle brûlait une des plus belles villes du monde.
Mais les souffrances de la population de Dresde n’étaient pas terminées. Trois heures plus tard, un nouveau groupe de bombardiers, deux fois plus puissant que le premier, approcha de la ville, 529 Lancaster, chargés de bombes. Ceux-là n’avaient plus besoin de « marqueurs de but ». Depuis cent kilomètres, ils avaient aperçu la plus grande catastrophe du feu de tous les temps. Sans être dérangés, ils visaient directement cette mer de flammes, précipitaient sur cet enfer leurs chapelets de bombes explosives. Des milliers d’êtres, qui luttaient désespérément contre les flammes pour leur vie et pour leurs biens, étaient leurs victimes. Un aviateur a raconté comment, de son bombardier, à 1.300 mètres, il observait tranquillement la destruction des églises, des hôpitaux, des écoles et des maisons.
Le reste, peut-être le plus affreux, ce fut l’arrivée, le 14 février à midi, des 300 « forteresses volantes » américaines dans l’enfer de Dresde, accompagnés par 200 chasseurs. La brutalité ne connut aucune limite. En dehors des bombes lancées sur tout ce qui bougeait encore, les mitrailleurs, volant en rase-mottes, prirent pour cibles tous les sans-abri, hommes, femmes, enfants, et les tirèrent à vue » (2).
Un aspect des destructions causées par les bombardements anglo-américains. Sur la photo (trouvée sur le site Historylink101.com), ce n’est pas Dresde, mais Darmstadt, rasée fin 1944.
(1) David IRVING, La destruction de Dresde, Robert Laffont, éd., Paris, 1963.
(2) Walter WEIDAUER, Enfer à Dresde, cité par J. ISORNI, Je hais ces impostures, Robert Laffont, éd., Paris, 1977, pp. 214-215.
Merci à Daniel pour ces jolies photos-souvenir.
Fri, 13 Feb 2009 16:51 UTC
64 years after that ill-fated day when Dresden was completely destroyed by the Allied forces and defenseless civilians perished helplessly in the firestorm of bombing raids, questions remain unanswered. One of the most beautiful and green laden cities of Europe, "with a pleasant location and a mild climate on the Elbe, as well as Baroque-style architecture and numerous world-renowned museums and art collections, Dresden has been called "Elbflorenz" (Florence on the Elbe)." The descriptions of the city as well as pictures from that time also give us an idea about the people inhabiting it: they must have been individuals who cared about beauty, art, nature; possibly civilized and refined in their majority, personality traits which were reflected in how their city looked. But their lives were destined to change overnight, and their city remembered with horrific pictures in the books of history, because humanity is what the psychopaths in power obsessively fight against.
As we now know, after years of following the events of our world and observing how the pathocrats make war as an excuse to "express their thirst for blood and evilness", we know that the targeting of the most humane of people is a favorite tactic, one with the added benefit of extinguishing certain bloodlines and genetics. It wouldn't be surprising if the pathocrats wanted Dresden destroyed for what it stood for, as a symbolic warning towards the rest of humanity. And the psychopathic leaders of the time went over and beyond with brutality, stopping only at the opposition of humanity. That's how psychopaths know when enough is enough, since they don't posses the internal "stop-cruelty switch" themselves. Same story with the recent carnage in Gaza. Without humanity protesting its opposition (citizens rather than heads of states and governments) the Israeli government could have "cleared out" Gaza completely. And so the British and US forces, following commands from above, unleashed hell on the city of Dresden.
During WWII, the warring nations had vastly improved their military aircraft technology, allowing them to kill more people more efficiently, than in any other previous era. From the perspective of those in power of malevolent intent, the new "war toy" came with a surprising bonus: it was able to provide the nations with convenient excuses following each fresh rampage that the rest of the world would deem immoral and inexcusable: Oh! sorry, we were aiming for the military bases but, oops! killed thousand of innocent civilians by mistake. Mea culpa.
Algis Valiunas writes on the subject:
In 1921 Giulio Douhet, poet, playwright, and visionary chief of the Italian army aviation corps, whom all four writers correctly regard as the theoretical innovator of 'air power', published The Command of the Air. There he declared:And so it was that the civilians of Dresden became part of the war, and without a doubt the raid was a deliberate act of state terror. Arthur Harris, the British commander-in-chief of Bomber Command, in words revealing a pathological personality, replied to Winston Churchil's suggestion to stop the bombing of cities since the war was coming to an end, and after the world raised its voice against the Dresden holocaust:
The battlefield will be limited only by the boundaries of the nations at war, and all of their citizens will become combatants, since all of them will be exposed to the aerial offensives of the enemy. There will be no distinction any longer between soldiers and civilians.Two years later, Hugh Trenchard, the principal architect of Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF), insisted that the best defense was a good offense, and that the surest offensive weapon was the bomber: "It is on the destruction of enemy industries and, above all, on the lowering of morale . . . caused by bombing that ultimate victory rests."
In 1931, British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, known for his vehement pusillanimity - Churchill immortalized him as "the Boneless Wonder" - explained why he was certain that complete disarmament was the only solution. The "man in the street," Baldwin said, must "realize that there is no power on earth that can prevent him from being bombed. Whatever people may tell him, the bomber will always get through."
As for Adolf Hitler, he was, in Jörg Friedrich's words, "a Douhetist through and through." In 1934, indeed, Alfred Rosenberg, the Nazi-party theoretician, spoke of air war as a salutary means of re-forging the connection between the "man in the street" and the soldier at the front. It was Rosenberg's conviction, Friedrich writes, that "the war of the future would be carried out under the banner of the air fleets . . . and would involve the whole nation in the struggle for survival."
Attacks on cities like any other act of war are intolerable unless they are strategically justified. But they are strategically justified insofar as they tend to shorten the war and so preserve the lives of Allied soldiers. To my mind we have absolutely no right to give them up unless it is certain they will not have this effect. I do not personally regard the whole of the remaining cities of Germany as worth the bones of one British grenadier.He does remind us of present day Zionist utterances, doesn't he? The same Harris, wrote in his autobiography when explaining why he ordered the bombing of Dresden.
I know that the destruction of so large and splendid a city at this late stage of the war was considered unnecessary even by a good many people who admit that our earlier attacks were as fully justified as any other operation of war. Here I will only say that the attack on Dresden was at the time considered a military necessity by much more important people than myself, and that if their judgment was right the same arguments must apply that I have set out in an earlier chapter in which I said what I think about the ethics of bombing as a whole.And this is the argument presented by most of the proponents of the Dresden attack, that it was justified because it served strategic purposes to do so; Dresden was allegedly a center of importance in Germany's war-machine, which initially makes sense given that Germany at the time, led by the psychopathic Hitler and the Nazis, was war obsessed. But were these the only psychopaths in power during this time? How humane is the notion of killing civilians to justify strategic causes? Wasn't the raid a conscienceless act of state terror, producing results no different from the many others we see now in Gaza, Iraq and Afghanistan?
In reviewing Frederick Taylor's book, a British historian who wrote Dresden: Tuesday, Feb. 13, 1945, Laura miller presents a different picture of Dresden, which Taylor calls 'Dresden of reality' instead of 'Dresden of the myth':
As Taylor depicts them, Dresdeners lived in a dream world, "floating happily under the illusion that their city was too beautiful and too famous to suffer as other population centers in the Reich had suffered."Not unlike present day Zionist leaders in Israel, who have convinced the Israeli Jews of their "special destiny" and rendered them blind to the reality of their regime's crimes, irrespective of how civilized or fond of art and culture these citizens are. Taylor says that the people of Dresden were not as innocent either:
It's only when writing about this belief that the scrupulously fair and compassionate Taylor slips into testiness. He implies that this fantasy was a version of the larger German denial about what they'd allowed their nation to become under the rule of a maniac who rhapsodized about their special destiny.
The city had a solid history of anti-Semitism, and while it never had many Jews to persecute, it did its best with the victims at hand. "Dresden was a Nazi stronghold even before Hitler took power," Taylor explains, noting that the National Socialists became the city's largest party in the Reichstag elections of 1932. The local party leader and provincial governor, Martin Mutschmann, was a particularly rabid specimen and insisted that the city go into public mourning for the eight days between Hitler's suicide and the arrival of the Red Army.Even if this holds true, does the ponerization of Germany's cities justify their destruction? A destruction whose descriptions bring to mind Inferno. From Jörg Friedrich's The Fire: The Bombing of Germany 1940-1945:
The firestorm simulated the atmosphere of another planet, one incompatible with life. Gas, uranium radiation, bacteria, or heat do not injure the body through violence; they simply place the body in another place, a place that does not support life. A fatal injury might come from being in the wrong place at the wrong time, but it does not fundamentally change the world. Annihilation, by contrast, occurs when nothing can continue to exist in a certain place. . . . As if thrown through a revolving door, 4.5 square miles of Hamburg found itself in a room for three hours not where life dies - that always happens - but rather where life is not possible, where it cannot exist. Hamburg and Hiroshima are symbols denoting a war that isolates certain regions from the world of life.And this raid who produced these results, was by far an accident. From the RAF files of the campaign diaries, regarding Dresden raids from February 13/14 1945 we read:
796 Lancasters and 9 Mosquitos were dispatched in two separate raids and dropped 1,478 tons of high explosive and 1,182 tons of incendiary bombs. [...] Much has been written about the fearful effects of this raid. Suffice it to say here that a firestorm, similar to the one experienced in Hamburg in July 1943, was created and large areas of the city were burnt out. No one has ever been able to discover how many people died but it is accepted that the number was greater than the 40,000 who died in the Hamburg firestorm and the Dresden figure may have exceeded 50,000.It's a whole lot of bombs don't you think? The sheer volume of these bombs used in Dresden was notable for being far in excess of those used in any other raid and unusual in that incendiary bombs were preferred relative to the more 'normal' high explosive bombs. And all these to target civilians and the city itself as it appears. From a letter to Guardian, February 14, 2004:
311 American B-17s dropped 771 tons of bombs on Dresden the next day, with the railway yards as their aiming point. Part of the American Mustang-fighter escort was ordered to strafe traffic on the roads around Dresden to increase the chaos. The Americans bombed Dresden again on the 15th and on 2 March but it is generally accepted that it was the RAF night raid which caused the most serious damage.
Dresden doubtsAnd so the British and American armies brought Dresden and it's population to its knees. It is worth noting that in 1915, the British sunk the Dresden:
My father was one of the "anonymous RAF meteorological officers [who] finally sealed Dresden's fate" ("Mission accomplished", Michael Burleigh, February 7). A chronically short-sighted school teacher, he went into the Meteorological Office at the beginning of a war that he had hoped would not happen, but that he felt was utterly necessary. He knew he would be part of a process that sent young men out to risk their lives, and that inevitably - given the inadequacies of bomb-aiming and weather-forecasting techniques - would lead to a considerable number of civilian casualties.
The Dresden briefing was only one of many that he routinely attended, and even before the crews left the ground he was troubled because of one notable omission from the routine.
Normally, crews were given a strategic aiming point - anything from a major factory in the middle of nowhere to a small but significant railway junction within a built-up area. The smaller the aiming point and the heavier the concentration of housing around it, the greater would be the civilian casualties - but given that the strike was at a strategic aiming point those casualties could be justified.
Only at the Dresden briefing, my father told me, were the crews given no strategic aiming point. They were simply told that anywhere within the built-up area of the city would serve.
He felt that Dresden and its civilian population had been the prime target of the raid and that its destruction and their deaths served no strategic purpose, even in the widest terms; that this was a significant departure from accepting civilian deaths as a regrettable but inevitable consequence of the bomber war; and that he had been complicit in what was, at best, a very dubious operation. - David Pedlow
New York Times, March 17, 1915In ancient Greek drama the word Prooikonomia is used when the author of the play is using certain phrases at the beginning of the story, to warn us of the tragedy that is soon to befall the protagonists. The sinking of Dresden was the Prooikonomia of things to come thirty years later.
A statement issued by the German Embassy here tonight declared that the German cruiser Dresden, sunk by a British squadron off the coast of Chile on Sunday, "apparently was attacked while in shelter of neutral waters." The embassy's information came in cablegrams yesterday and today from Valparaiso Chile.
There's also this interesting find that from Taylor's research for the book, which shows that some people were able to escape the latter "sinking" of the city - the Jews:
Perhaps the first and most striking of those ironies is that Victor Klemperer, the famous Jewish diarist of the Nazi era, had been ordered to report for deportation on Feb. 16, along with what remained of Dresden's Jewish population (all married to "Aryans"). Everyone knew what this meant: "It promised at best transportation to the Theresienstadt ghetto, at worst a death march of the kind that had already consigned tens of thousands of Jews to a bitter and brutal fate just as the new Allied advances seemed to bring deliverance so tantalizingly close," Taylor writes. Klemperer and his wife escaped in the chaos after the bombing, posing as "Aryans" whose papers were destroyed in the fires. (Klemperer's diaries are one cultural treasure that was saved rather than destroyed by the bombing.) Another of Dresden's Jews, Henny Wolf, wrote "For us, however macabre as it may sound, the air raid was our salvation, and that was exactly how we understood it."By Their Fruits You Shall Know Them...
Though to be expected, it was still astonishing to read all the proponents of the raids over Dresden state that it was justified because they were done for "good", whereas Hitler and the Nazis did what they did for "evil". If they had read Political Ponerology, they would know that psychopathic acts stem from beings wearing any type of army uniform, hiding behind any ideology. Lack of this knowledge renders any otherwise informed historian blind to the true causes of world events.
Like a snake indeed, they slide and make their move from one organization to the other, from one country to another, making sure that before the destruction of the previous nation they ruled long enough for the populace to start seeing their ugly face, they had established their presence and spewed their poison on a new one, the one that will come to destroy the old one, and reclaim the trust of the people for saving them from the evils of the world. Over and over again. They do the crime, then become the judge, coerce others to clean up after them, then find another to prosecute and make pay for the crimes they themselves committed. And it is always an innocent population that pays the price, while the instigators walk away unscathed.
And Dresden of 1945 becomes relevant for us today, a prooikonomia of what we can expect in the - not so far - future. As the Zionist leaders of Israel continue to murder and subjugate the Palestinian population and the world populace begins to see behind their mask of sanity, the psychopaths will use again - as in Dresden - the Jewish people as scapegoat. Joe Quinn made the argument in 2007 that the gathering of all Jews in one place was for a purpose:
The only truth in this statement is found in the words "the effect of Zionism [has been] to gather all the Jews in one place for destruction." The idea, as implied by Greenway, that this was a mistake on the part of the Zionists who created and continue to control the Zionist state is laughable, mainly because it was patently obvious, from the very outset, that to create a state for Jews in 1948 by stealing land belonging to another people and to proceed to oppress, and periodically murder, the indigenous population over the following 58 years was the best way to ensure a perpetual threat to the Jews of Israel.
A little known fact is that it was not only Palestinian blood that was shed to create the Zionist state of Israel. Over the course of the past 100 years, successive Zionist leaders deemed the lives of Jews living around the Middle East worthless enough to be used, and sacrificed, to ensure the creation of the psychopathic experiment that is the modern state of Israel.
The blood of Dresden
The author Kurt Vonnegut was a prisoner of war in Dresden during the allied bombing raids and was later forced to dig out bodies from the ruined city. In papers discovered by his son after his death last year, he provides a searing eyewitness account of the 'obscene brutality' that inspired his novel Slaughterhouse-Five.
It was a routine speech we got during our first day of basic training, delivered by a wiry little lieutenant: "Men, up to now you've been good, clean, American boys with an American's love for sportsmanship and fair play. We're here to change that.
"Our job is to make you the meanest, dirtiest bunch of scrappers in the history of the world. From now on, you can forget the Marquess of Queensberry rules and every other set of rules. Anything and everything goes.
"Never hit a man above the belt when you can kick him below it. Make the bastard scream. Kill him any way you can. Kill, kill, kill - do you understand?"
His talk was greeted with nervous laughter and general agreement that he was right. "Didn't Hitler and Tojo say the Americans were a bunch of softies? Ha! They'll find out."
And of course, Germany and Japan did find out: a toughened-up democracy poured forth a scalding fury that could not be stopped. It was a war of reason against barbarism, supposedly, with the issues at stake on such a high plane that most of our feverish fighters had no idea why they were fighting - other than that the enemy was a bunch of bastards. A new kind of war, with all destruction, all killing approved... (read the rest)
Fire from the Sky - When civilians entered the battlefield
Four new books consider this air war, and particularly the one waged by the British and Americans against Germany, which killed some 600,000 civilians: Michael Bess's Choices Under Fire: Moral Dimensions of World War II 1; Jörg Friedrich's The Fire: The Bombing of Germany 1940-1945 2; A.C. Grayling's Among the Dead Cities: The History and Moral Legacy of the World War II Bombing of Civilians in Germany and Japan 3; and Marshall De Bruhl's Firestorm: Allied Airpower and the Destruction of Dresden.4 All four recount the history of air warfare in theory and practice; describe the nature of the attacks and the damage done to human life, property, and cultural inheritance; and examine whether the bombings were militarily necessary or morally justifiable. (read the rest)
Dresden 1945: The Devil's Tinderbox
Institute for Historical Review
McKee had doubts about the efficacy of area bombing when, as a soldier with the 1st Canadian Army, he witnessed the results of the Allied bombing of "friendly" French towns. Following visits to the cities of Caen and Lisieux, he wrote in his personal war diary: (read the rest)
Sunday, February 15, 2009
According to the New York Times | Feb. 15, 2009:
THE 'MYTH' OF DRESDEN: History | Morally questionable as it was, the horrific 1945 bombing of Dresden had a clear military rationale, a British historian says, because it was “a major transport and communication hub less than 120 miles from the advancing Russians.” Each February, he says, protesting German neo-Nazis inflate “the myth that it was of no military or industrial importance” as “a tool to relativize Adolf Hitler’s Holocaust.” [Cf. Spiegel, Feb. 13, 2009: "Post-War-Myths" ]
This is holocaust-denial of the acceptable type. One goes to prison in Germany for saying the execution gas chambers of Auschwitz-Birkenau were a ‘myth,’ but the claim that the holocaust in Dresden is a ‘myth’ is published in Spiegel, Germany’s leading magazine, and made the subject of serious and respectable discussion. The hypocrisy is astonishing.
It’s not just “neo-Nazis” who protest the slaughter of upwards of 100,000 civilians in Dresden. Everyone from Kurt Vonnegut to the elderly survivors themselves have raised rightful indignation and outrage.
The word “holocaust” denotes death by fire. Dresden was a holocaust — mass incineration - -an act of terrorism that cannot be justified except on the basis of collective guilt, although even that notion is bankrupt since thousands of the victims were refugees fleeing the Soviets.
If it’s only “morally questionable” to massacre tens of thousands of German women and children, then their dehumanization is complete.
"Judea Declares War on Germany! Jews of all the World Unite!"
- London Daily Express, March 24, 1933
"WE MADE A MONSTER OF HITLER, A DEVIL.
THAT IS WHY THEREFORE WE COULD NOT AFTER THE WAR SAY OTHERWISE.
WE HAD PERSONALLY MOBILISED THE MASSES NEVERTHELESS AGAINST THE DEVIL. THUS WE WERE FORCED AFTER THE WAR, TO PLAY ALONG WITH THIS DEVILS' SCENARIO.
WE COULD NOT POSSIBLY HAVE MADE OUR PEOPLE CLEAR TO THEM THAT THE WAR WAS ONLY AN ECONOMIC PREVENTATIVE MEASURE!"
--JAMES BAKER, EX-US FOREIGN MINISTER
SOURCE: DER SPIEGEL, 13/1992
"Germany is too strong. We must destroy her."
- Winston Churchill, Nov. 1936.
"Hitler will have no war but we will force it on him, not this year, but soon" - Emil Ludwig Cohn Les Annales, June, 1934 "The New Holy Alliance"
"The war was not just a matter of the elimination of Fascism in Germany, but rather of obtaining German sales markets."
- Winston Churchill. March, 1946.
"Britain was taking advantage of the situation to go to war against Germany because the Reich had become too strong and had upset the European balance."
- Ralph F. Keeling, Institute of American Economics
"I emphasized that the defeat of Germany and Japan and their elimination from world trade would give Britain a tremendous opportunity to swell her foreign commerce in both volume and profit."
- Samuel Untermeyer, The Public Years, p.347.
On September 2nd 1939 a delegate of the Labour Party met with the British Foreign Minister Halifax in the lobby of Parliament. 'Do you still have hope?' he asked. 'If you mean hope for war,' answered Halifax, 'then your hope will be fulfilled tomorrow. 'God be thanked!' replied the representative of the British Labour Party.
- Professor Michael Freund.
"In April, 1939, (four months before the outbreak of war) Ambassador William C. Bullitt, whom I had known for twenty years, called me to the American Embassy in Paris. The American Ambassador told me that war had been decided upon. He did not say, nor did I ask, by whom. He let me infer it. ... When I said that in the end Germany would be driven into the arms of Soviet Russia and Bolshevism, the Ambassador replied: "'what of it? There will not be enough Germans left when the war is over to be worth bolshevising."
- - Karl von Wiegand, April, 23rd, 1944, Chicago Herald American
"I felt sorry for the German people. We were planning - and we had the force to carry out our plans - to obliterate a once mighty nation." - Admiral Daniel Leahy; U.S Ambassador –
"In no country has the historical blackout been more intense and effective than in Great Britain. Here it has been ingeniously christened The Iron Curtain of Discreet Silence. Virtually nothing has been written to reveal the truth about British responsibility for the Second World War and its disastrous results."
- Harry Elmer Barnes. American Historian
"I believe now that Hitler and the German people did not want war. But we declared war on Germany, intent on destroying it, in accordance with our principle of balance of power, and we were encouraged by the 'Americans' around Roosevelt. We ignored Hitler's pleadings not to enter into war. Now we are forced to realize that Hitler was right."
- Attorney General, Sir Hartley Shawcross, March,16th, 1984
"The last thing Hitler wanted was to produce another great war."
- Sir. Basil Liddell Hart
"I see no reason why this war must go on. I am grieved to think of the sacrifices which it will claim. I would like to avert them."
- Adolf Hitler, July, 1940.
Winston Churchill agrees: "We entered the war of our own free will, without ourselves being directly assaulted."
- Guild Hall Speech, July 1943.
Judea declares war on Germany