dimanche 2 octobre 2011

Le vol des brevets des nouvelles technologies allemandes et l'opération Paperclip

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REPUBLIC BROADCASTING NETWORK
DEANNA SPINGOLA
OCTOBER 2011
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 2011 
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Guest: John de Nugent
John de Nugent talked about the meaning of nationalism, multiculturalism and the Allied seizure of German technology and patents that ultimately helped the multinational corporations acquire more power and money.
John de Nugents Website:
http://johndenugent.com 



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Theft of German Scientific Research
Fueled Post-War Technology Boom



The IG Farben headquarters in Frankfurt,
home to thousands of German chemical
and medical patents, was left untouched
by Allied bombing during World War II,
although most of the rest of the city was
obliterated.

“TO THE VICTORS BELONG THE SPOILS” is an American saying (attributed to Andrew Jackson) and, regrettably, an occasional American practice as it was in the case of “the Great Patent Heist of 1946.” It was made official policy in World War II by President Harry Truman’s Executive Order 9604, also known as the “License to Steal,” which permitted agents of theU.S. government to execute the greatest robbery in world history: the theft of German intellectual (scientific) property.What technology the Americans and Soviets stole has, in fact, fueled some of the greatest scientific advances of the modern era.

BY DANIEL W. MICHAELS

Now,almost three-quarters of a century after World War II, as the fear of arrest and punishment for denying the received official version of the causes and consequences of World War II as established by the victorious Allies diminishes, more and more Germans are investigating Allied behavior before, during and after the war. Aside from the “holocaust,” which remains immune from critical studies, almost any aspect of the war, however embarrassing to the victors (e.g., the strategic bombing campaign), may now be studied without fear of retribution.

In this new spirit, Friedrich Georg has published a study of Allied postwar policy regarding the disposition of German intellectual property, especially the modern and futuristic patents of Nazi Germany. Georg finds that the Allies, chiefly the Americans and the Soviets, simply confiscated all patents, designs, inventions etc they could lay their hands upon—military, industrial and commercial—regardless of international law or the Geneva Conference. Once in the United States or Soviet Russia the German inventions were “reinvented” and stamped “Made in the U.S.A.” or “XXXX.”(1)

When World War II ended, America’s elite determined that the United States would not lapse back into its prewar depressed state, but rather would revitalize its economy and have a first-classmilitary and industrial establishment. To this end, Germany’s advanced military hardware, aeronautical and industrial secrets would simply be confiscated and transplanted in America.

Even before the war ended, Vannevar Bush, America’s scientific advisor, recommended that the activities of the Combined IntelligenceOperations Subcommittee (CIOS), a joint Anglo-American intelligence-gathering operation, be expanded to include the exploitation of German technical information of an industrial nature as well as of strictly military matters. In August 1945 President Harry Truman, acting under the adage that “might makes right” issued Executive Order 9604 ordering the release and distribution of confiscated German scientific and industrial information (technologies, inventions, methods, processes, equipment etc) to the U.S. civilian economy. It was literally a license to steal.

President Truman’s Executive Order 9604 provided for:
The release and dissemination of certain scientific and industrial information heretofore or hereafter obtained from the enemy, including all information concerning scientific, industrial and technological processes, inventions,methods, devices, improvements and advances heretofore or hereafter obtained by any department or agency of this government in enemy countries regardless of its origin, or in liberated areas if such information is of enemy origin or has been acquired or appropriated by the enemy. (Gimbel 27)
As the American military began to occupy Germany, they initially concentrated on locating and securing advanced German military hardware used in the war. In the summer of 1944 the Allied Combined Chiefs of Staff created military-civilian teams, called the Joint Intelligence Objectives Committee (JIOC), which was to follow the invading armies and uncover Germany’smilitary, scientific and industrial assets. “Field Intelligence Agencies, Technical” units (FIAT units) scoured the countryside for German economic assets. While the U.S. military had no qualms about confiscating German military hardware, they hesitated and eventually refused to engage in the wholesale seizure of German commercial and industrial assets, considering such action not within their authority.

More than a few honorable U.S. Army officers, led by Gen.Lucius D. Clay, interceded with the civilian occupation policymakers on behalf of the Germans to stop the looting.

Concerning the legality of the U.S. confiscations of German property, William G. Downey, chief of the Army’s International Law Branch in the Judge Advocate General’s Office, quoting extensively fromTheHague Convention rules on the seizure of private enemy property, wrote:
It is a generally recognized principle of the international law of war that enemy private property may not be seized unless it is susceptible of direct military use.
An army of occupation can only take possession . . . of property belonging to the state. (Gimbel 172)
The theft of intellectual property is not new, but the extent and ruthlessness of what the “wannabe” superpowers did in Germany from 1945 to 1948 was unprecedented. The United States and the Soviet Union literally stole the entire extant store of German patents, designs, inventions and trademarks. Germans who were not forthcoming in informing the U.S.Occupation Forces of the existence and location of such records could be imprisoned, punished and even threatened with death for “insufficient reporting.” To ensure that the Allies would have an insurmountable head start in exploiting the patents, the Germans were even forbidden to use or refer to their own inventions after they were confiscated.

The German PatentOffice was closed by the Allies and not reopened for several years. When it did reopen, the first number assigned was 800,001, indicating that some 800,000 original patents had been looted by the Allies. As a result, in the immediate postwar years, with Germany prostrate and robbed of its intellectual property, America and Russia soon emerged as the two superpowers in a bipolar world.

Konrad Adenauer, the first chancellor of the German Federal Republic, wrote in his Memoirs:
At the end of 1948 the director of the American office for technical services, Mr. John Green, gave the press a report on his activities, which were concerned with the exploitation of German patents and industrial secrets. What strikes one in this report is the fact that AMTORG [Moscow’s foreign trade organization] was the keenest purchaser. During onemonth alone the Russians boughtmore than 2,000 Wehrmacht reports on secret German weapons, for which they paid $6,000. According to a statementmade by an American expert, the patents formerly belonging to IG Farben have given the American chemical industry a lead of at least 10 years.

The damage thus caused to the German economy is huge and cannot be assessed in figures. It is extraordinarily regrettable that the new German inventions cannot be protected either, because Germany is not a member of the Patent Union. Britain has declared that it will respect German inventions regardless of what the peace treaty may say. But America has refused to issue such a declaration.German inventors are therefore not in a position to exploit their own inventions. This puts a considerable brake on German economic development. (Adenauer 429)
Adenauer denied reports in the British zone of occupation press that he had characterized Allied measures regarding German patents as sheer robbery:
I had said nothing of the kind. . . . I had mentioned the view of leading foreign politicians that the German patents were extremely valuable.My speech was intended to point out that German inventors still did not enjoy international protection of their rights and that this constituted a notable obstacle to German recovery. (147-51)
Years later, in 1953, the chancellor pressed President Dwight Eisenhower to resolve the question of the use of trademarks owned by German nationals before the war. Some progress had been made in restoring trademarks to their previous German owners, and Adenauer received assurances that no further German assets or trademarks would be confiscated or liquidated and that restitution would be “considered” at some later date. (That date has not yet arrived.)

The United States also promised to review the situation concerning German ships, with an eye to possibly returning them to German control.(2)

Although Americans today find it hard to believe that this country was once a laggard nation in science and industrial innovations, it was, until hostilities broke out in late 1941.

America under President Franklin Roosevelt had failed to pull the country out of the doldrums of the depression, and while the economy, after having been put on a wartime basis, was unsurpassed in its volume of production, its products, including wartime hardware, were inferior to those of the German war machine. Mass production—quantity rather than quality—characterized American manufacturing.

Even during the war the United States was not particularly noted formajor breakthroughs in pure science or innovative technologies. The National Science Foundation brought this deficit in American capabilities sharply to the attention of the government in a 1946 report indicating, among other factors, that up to that date the United States had been the home of only four Nobel Prize winners in chemistry as compared to 37 recipients in Europe, eight U.S. winners in physics to 39 in Europe, and six in medicine, to 37 in Europe. Most of these prizes were awarded to Germans and Austrians.

While military analysts the world over now recognize the superiority of German World War II military hardware, few, however, are aware that German scientists had donemuch of the basic scientific pioneer work in the development of many postwar industrial technologies and products for civilian use.

In consumer goods and medical advances, Germans under National Socialism were enjoying color TV and color photography a decade before the American public could buy its first black-and-white sets. The Nazi government had modernized the road systemin Germany in the 1930s with the Autobahn, and Volkswagen had begun to produce the “Beetle” so that all citizens could afford to own an automobile. It was not until the 1950s, under President Eisenhower, that theUnited States undertook the construction of a modern highway system.

German scientists established the link between smoking and cancer in the 1930s, but the fierce resistance of the American tobacco companies prevented the American people from having access to this knowledge until 20 years after its discovery. They studied the effects of positively and negatively ionized air on health conditions, developed performance-enhancing drugs, and introduced other innovative and therapeutic treatments that are common practice today everywhere.

During the war the Germans had also developed a synthetic blood plasma (capain), a blood liquid substitute (periston), and synthetic penicillin, “substitute 3065.”

The revolutionary birth control pill, whose discovery was announced in the United States in 1951, also had its origins in investigations conducted in the laboratories of Göttingen University, Germany, in the 1940s. Chemist Carl Dierassi, who emigrated from Vienna to America shortly before the war, worked with pharmacologists Gregori Pincus and John Rock to introduce “Enovid” on the Americanmarket, protected by a U.S. patent, in the 1960s. (Georg, 157)

Germany, like Japan, was and remains one of the “havenot” nations, small in size and wanting in natural resources.

The development of synthetic (ersatz) products of all kinds was essential to German existence, especially in wartime. Necessity being the mother of invention, German chemists undertook to provide substitutes for Mother Nature’s shortcomings. Most synthetics served well. Some, like ersatz coffee (Kaffee-Ersatz), fell short of general acceptance.

One of the largest hauls of classified information harvested by the Allies came from the laboratories and plants of IG Farben, a syndicate with close American ties that held an almost complete monopoly on chemical production. Chemistry of course was the foundation for the creation of most synthetics. The enormous IG Farben Building in Frankfurt, which housed records of inestimable value, was “miraculously” spared during the World War II bombing orgy, proving that better bombing accuracy was possible if the Allies had wished it. The vaults of the Farben Building contained secret industrial information on, among others, liquid and solid fuels,metallurgy, synthetic rubber, textiles, chemicals, plastics, drugs and dyes. Secret formulas were obtained for over 50,000 dyes,many faster and better than those in the democracies.

Several U.S. Army officers stationed in the Farben Building after the war commented that the value of the files and records confiscated would alone have been sufficient to finance the war.

In the digital world, for example, German prewar and wartime scientists had been at the cutting edge of important developments, fromthe quartz clock, semi-conductors, silicon technology and transistors to the first computer. Among others, German researchers Herbert F Materé and Heinrich Welker, working with Zeiss, Siemans and the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Silicate Research, were the first to develop the process for the industrial production of integrated circuits and transistors.

The culmination of these advances in solid-state physics and digital instrumentation in Nazi Germany was the wartime development of a pioneer computer, the Z4. Engineers Konrad Zuse andHelmut Schreyer in Berlin developed these earliest computers. Zuse’s laboratory and earliermodels of his computer, dating from 1937, were destroyed in bombing raids during the Battle of Berlin, but in the immediate postwar era Zuse was able to rebuild a fully operational Z4 by 1949, severalmonths before the debut of theU.S. Eniac. Zuse is also credited with having developed the first programmable computer language, “Plankalkül.” America’s Bill Gates met with Zuse in 1995 and now displays Zuse’s picture in his office at Microsoft.(4)







http://img8.hostingpics.net/pics/4202287.jpghttp://www.avionslegendaires.net/Images/Gju287.jpghttp://www.avionslegendaires.net/Images/Gx29-2.jpg
German scientists were making great strides in many areas of
military technology including aircraft design and propulsion systems
that were decades ahead of the “competition.” Above left, the
Messerschmitt HE 162 jet powered fighter. As afficionados of World
War II history know, the jet propelled aircraft could have turned the
tide of the air war in the favor of the Axis. Below left, the American
built and designed Bell X-5 fighter jet used extensively in the Korean
conflict fought less than 10 years after World War II ended.
Korea was a test ground for newly developed U.S. and Soviet jet
aircraft. Neither of these nations’ air forces could have attained
what they did without the aid of stolen Nazi patents. Above right,
the forward swept wing design of Germany's JU-287. The concept,
however, was not entirely successful because the technology and
materials did not exist then to construct the wing rigid enough to
overcome bending and twisting forces without making the aircraft
too heavy. The United States adapted this advanced wing design
once hi-tech materials and construction techniques existed (beginning




It is now undisputed that the Z4 was the first
reliable, freely programmable, working computer
in the world based on a binary floatingpoint
number and switching system. In 1941,
the Z4 contained almost all of the features of a
modern computer as defined back in 1946. The
only exception was the ability to store the program
in the memory together with the data. German
inventor Konrad Zuse did not implement
this feature in the Z4 because his 1,408-bit
memory was too small to support this mode of
operation. Due to the fact that he wanted to calculate
thousands of instructions in a meaningful
order, he only used the memory to store values
or numbers. It is reported that Microsoft Corporation
founder Bill Gates—the third richest man
on the planet—has a picture of Zuse on the wall
of his office. At right, Zuse and the Z4.



Of foremost importance to all industrial nations, and to Germany in particular for the war, was the need for a reliable source of energy to power the factories, heat the homes, and fuel the ships, planes and vehicles of the nations.

Germany possessed coal but not oil. German chemists met the challenge quickly and successfully through the development of both the Fischer-Topische and the hydrogenation methods of converting (liquefying) coal into oil and, from the oil, to make lubricants and gasoline. In the course of the war these plants were gradually being moved underground to protect them from bombing. After the war the Allies confiscated all patents and records on the design and operation of the hydrogenation and Fischer-Topische plants and forbade the Germans fromusing existing plants or developing new ones, making them dependent on imported oil.For example, 10% of Marshall Planmonies had to be used to buy American oil.

Germany is also said to have invented a distillation process for the separation of gasoline from oil by the use of audible frequency vibrations. Self-sufficiency in power generation is essential to the sovereignty and independence of all nations.

So important is the power factor that the planned Berlin-Baghdad-Basra railroad is said to have been as decisive for the British declaration of war against Germany inWorldWar I as the development of the Fischer-Topische and hydrogenation processes in Germany was for the British declaration of war in World War II. As long as Britain and France controlled the Near East oil fields, Germany would never be granted free access, nor would the Allies want to see Germany gain oil independence through its newly developed conversion processes.

In the matter of nuclear power, German scientists in Berlin were making feasibility studies of the possible uses of nuclear energy to propel ships and submarines as early as 1941. Moreover, the possibilities of employing nuclear reactors to power land vehicles were also being explored.
To list just a few of themany other technological advances of consumer interest, German industry developed synthetic mica, synthetic sapphires, Diesel engines, plastics, rayon-weaving machines, the cold-extrusion process, UV milk pasteurization, fruit juice sterilization without heat, food preservation techniques, magnetic tape, infrared night vision aids, laser guidance and so on. The patents, testmodels, and prototypes of all of the above were simply taken and exploited by their new proprietors.

By the time the war ended, Germany had 138 types of guidedmissiles in various stages of development and production as well as every conceivable experimental and operational guidance and triggering systems (radar, radio, wire, continuous radio waves, acoustic, infrared, light beams, and magnetic) for its war effort. The “rocket” that launched the United States into the superpower realm was German. The Soviet Union also copied the German weaponry but largely ignored consumer market products.

In the May 1955 Paris Agreement, the Allies, aware of the improprieties involved in their seizure of German industrial secrets, made the German Federal Government agree to renounce all claims or objections to Allied actions during the occupation:
The [German] federal government shall in the future raise no objections against the measures which have been, or will be, carried out with regard toGerman external assets or other property, seized for the purpose of reparation or restitution, or as a result of the state of war, or on the basis of agreements concluded, or to be concluded by the Three Powers with other Allied countries, neutral countries or former allies of Germany. (Georg 338)

It is clear from the above provision that the Allies, chiefly the United States, stillmaintain the right tomonitor German industry by means of the “Echelon” eavesdropping program and other intelligence agencies. The fruits of this ongoing surveillance are sent, among other destinations, to U.S. and Israeli recipients. (Georg 345)
It is of course impossible to determine exactly how much the confiscation, sale, and the industrial exploitation of the German patents enriched theUnited States and Israel in dollars.
Prof. John Gimbel, in his book Science, Technology, and Reparations: Exploitation and Plunder in Postwar Germany, estimates the “intellectual reparations” taken by theU.S. and the UK alone amounted to about $10 billion.5
In 1952 the publisher Herbert Grabert ventured an estimate of $30 billion. Converted into 2008 dollars these estimates would amount to hundreds of billions. If the loot taken by the Soviet Union were also taken into account, the sum would likely approach $1 trillion. An infusion of this amount into the U.S. economy over a period of years easily explains U.S. postwar prosperity.
In conclusion, author Friedrich Georg warns that successive countries in history have for a time enjoyed a leading position in world power, only to see the baton pass on to competing nations, America toomust guard its vanguard position.
In order to ensure its status as the world’s superpower today, the United States will have to maintain an innovative scientific, engineering and technological base. China, Georg believes, is currently in the best position to overtake the United States in that the Chinese have the talent, the drive, the geography andmost importantly, thanks to globalization, the wealth (in U.S. dollars) to buy whatever they require.

ENDNOTES:
1 Friedrich Georg, “Unternehmen Patentenraub 1945”: Die Geheimgeschichte des grössten Technologie¬raubs aller Zeiten (“Operation Patent Heist 1945: The Secret History of the Greatest Technology Theft of All Time”), Grabert-Tübingen, Germany, 2007, 362 pp. Various terms are used in wartime when the conquering forces steal from the conquered, e.g. plunder, loot, pillage, booty, spoils, rapine, seizure, confiscation, expropriation etc. InWorldWar II the Allies preferred euphemisms like “to requisition” and, even better, “to liberate.”
2 Konrad Adenauer, Memoirs 1945-53, Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1966, 478 pp.
3 C. LesterWalker, “Secrets by the Thousands,” Harper’s Magazine, October 1946, New York,
4 Henry Stevens, Hitler’s Suppressed and Still-Secret Weapons: Science and Technology, Adventures Unlimited Press, Kempton, Illinois, 335 pp. Stevens asserts that, in addition to Gen. Patton’s advance into the Soviet Zone late in the war, the United States mounted an armed excursion into Czechoslovakia on February 13, 1946, to recover secret documents buried by the Kammler Group when the war ended.
5 John Gimbel, Science, Technology and Reparations: Exploitation and Plunder in Postwar Germany, Stanford University Press, 1990, 280 pp.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

DANIEL W. MICHAELS was for over 40 years a translator of Russian and German texts for the Department of Defense, the last 20 years of which he was with the Naval Maritime Intelligence Center. He is the author of various scientific reports and is a contributor of book reviews and articles to geographical and historical periodicals. Born in New York City, he now lives in the Washington, D.C. area. He has written many fine articles that have appeared in the pages of THE BARNES REVIEW.




WWII And The Theft Of
German Intellectual Property
By Claus Nordbruch


Time and time again, one encounters the statement in regards to the German Third Reich, that the German Intellectual Elite had left Germany shortly after the establishment of the National Socialist Government in January 1933 and went into exile. But this appears questionable in the face of the undeniable fact that the Allies just before, and especially after the Capitulation of the German Wehrmacht (Army) in May 1945 abducted thousands of German scientists, skilled tradesmen and intellectuals. And tens of thousands of inventions, discoveries, trades symbols, patents, research findings and other intellectual property was stolen and in the light of this, one wonders if the above statement has any basis and reality of the true situation.

In 1945, immediately behind the Allied fighting troops the task force of Anglo/American units called CIOS followed hard at heel. These were under the command of the American officer Ted Beets and the British officer of supplies R.F. Sinsteed. These units had been given the task to view the intellectual property of the German Reich and to appropriate it if needed. Apart from this, the CIOS task force had orders to prevent the German Intellectuals from fleeing abroad. (1)

These CIOS task forces constituted 10,000 technicians and scientists, which were formed into 3,000 units and who forced their way into 33,000 German factories, laboratories, libraries and offices, confiscated documents, samples of materials, trade symbols, patent documentations and engines. They also interrogated top scientist and abducted the same (2).

In the Reich's patent office alone 186,000 files were stolen (3).

Basically everything was confiscated, stolen and plundered in all areas and endeavours that Germans had researched, developed and worked on, by the Allies, on fundamental principle - everywhere. The British "News Chronicles" gave the first review on 21 February 1946. Under the Title "Germany had to disclose its military riches" many of the German intellectual treasures looted by the British were listed here, whereby it is striking, that these riches were far less of a military nature than in the realm of medicine, technical developments and natural science.

Among these listed looted items were Eg. inventions and information for the production of synthetic fuel, synthetic rubber, synthetic lubrication oils, for synthetic fiber- and textile production, diesel motors, optical inventions, heavy printing presses, wind channels, in which speeds of up to 8.000 km/hr were achieved, infra red target instruments, cassette players, electric condensation machinery, durable fruit juices, machines for wrapping chocolates, sugar made from wood, synthetic sapphires for watches, synthetic glimmer, non-running durable stockings for ladies, machines for the production of butter, which produced 1,500 pounds of butter per hour, quartz watches, cellulose products, a multitude of pharmaceutical products, insecticides, cyanides for rust protection and as a substitute for zinc chrome, artificial leather, plastics, colour photography, sewing needles, an innumerable profusion of precision instruments, protective remedies for frost and thousands of other inventions in the area of chemistry, physics, technology and electronics, in which the Germans were streaks ahead of others nations, that is, by five, ten or more years advanced in development.

It was an almost unbelievable, fascinating magical world, that opened up to the Allied task force in these interrogations and conversations with the German intellectuals. The Germans spoke of travel into space, about inter-continental ballistic Rockets, artificial satellites, and other no less fantastical plans, such as the establishment of an "island in space", which would be fitted out with a gigantic mirror to catch the sun rays and beam them back to earth in bundled rays. (4)

But especially in the sphere of weapons- and rocket technology, the German Reich was unbelievably advanced in comparison to their allied enemies. Remote control for rockets and torpedoes, Infrared rays, Ultra sound, all methods of Jet-propulsion, Helicopters and rockets were known to them. The Germans had developed airplanes, March flying craft and the so-called flying disks, which reached speeds that were generally thought impossible, top speeds of an unbelievable 8,000 km/ hour were reached. Even in the most unlikely fields, which nowadays not only draw enthusiasts from the sphere of homeopathy and esoteric knowledge, the Germany of National Socialism was far advanced in regards to that kind of research.

In connection with this there are for instance examinations, done by the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute for Biophysics in Frankfurt/Main: "These concerned the relationship that electronically charged air has on health. Positive charged air is seen as dangerous to human health, because it causes discomfort and depressions, as for example caused by falling air pressure. Some people, so [it] was found, reacted to positive charged air with Asthma, Hayfever and nervousness. Blood pressure rose to the danger point. I caused all the symptoms of sicknesses known to mountain climbers: laboured and rapid breathing, dizziness, fatigue, insomnia and the like.

Negative charged air achieved the opposite. It had a cheering effect, gave a sense of mental freedom and well being. Emotional depressions could be removed in this manner. In pathological cases it was calming the breathing, and achieved the extinguishing of Allergies and Asthma. The importance of negative charged air comes into play, wherever human beings live and work or seek to recover from illness. The creation of these air ambiances will represent one day our main occupation." (5) The Germans achieved nothing other than to imbue the very air we breathe with added supplements, to manipulate in the person calmness, fear, irritation or cheerfulness, joy or depression according to requirement. (6)

In April 1945 soldiers of the 1st US Infantry division found in Volkenröde near Braunschweig at the air travel Research Institute Herman Göring, the most modern institute of its kind in the world . The Americans were dumb-founded:

"Alone the amount and excellent quality of the instruments, tools and testing equipment was overwhelming. In the aero dynamic Section were wind channels for low speeds, for under sonic, supersonic and the trans sonic divisions. The division for jet propulsion was equipped with a camera, which was able to take a thousand pictures per second, to determine how a flame builds up. In the low pressure chamber it was possible to create conditions as exist at a height of 15 km. In the weapons division were two shooting tunnels, to test the effects on flying rockets if subjected to side winds of up to eight hundred km/ hour ."(7)

These and innumerable other overwhelming evidences of the superiority of German research were gathered up to be taken over by the Americans and who were thus in the position to save inestimable money and untold man hours in research. What the Americans left over was plundered by the English in 1946, dismantled and carted off to Britain. In this way the island was able to establish four ultra modern centres for aeronautic research in Farnborough, Bedford and Fort Halstead.

An inconspicuous witness was the American journalist C. Lester Walkers, who, half year after the sensational list published in Britain, wrote an exhaustive report for the American monthly magazine: "Harpers's Bazaar"under the title "Secrets by the Thousands", in which he listed further details. In his article he describes the manifold work and duties of a special American task force in search of German patents and manufacturing secrets. These commando units found and appropriated no less than 150,000 tones of secret files, which were transported to the USA to be evaluated. A new dictionary with 40,000 special scientific words had to be worked out. The greatest part of these files had nothing whatsoever to do weapons and war efforts. (All quotes in italics in the following article are from Walkers' writing)

The production of Nylon stockings goes back to the synthesis of the Polyamid-fibres of the US company DuPont in the year 1932. The production and machines for the manufacture of cheaper manufacture are an invention of the Germans.

The Germans, commonly labelled as "The Nazis", had discovered one coloured artificial fibres with the characteristics of wool, artificial glimmer, high achieving butter churners and bread baking machines, artificial blood plasma and record turntables, to turn ten records automatically. The Infrared night vision equipment which was discovered with a sense of wonder, was immediately utilised against the Japanese, as well the method of cooling, which resuscitated those who were otherwise doomed to death.

They discovered rolls of plastic-like materials (tape for megaphones), which had an emulsion of Iron-oxide on one side, and on which could be filed the radio programs of an entire day - without gramophone needle and irritating external noises. At IG Farben they found 50,000 recipes for colours, which had been unattainable hitherto by the Americans. Another novelty was yeast, which could be produced in unlimited amounts and able to endure higher temperatures and which contained more protein and calories than beef.

There were revolutionary machines for the production of needles and of lady's stockings which would not ladder. In the whole world existed no method as the German one to mass produce cheese. They discovered the smallest and virtually indestructible condensation apparatus, as well the method of pasteurising milk, which had been tried in vain by the Americans.

Here we need to mention too the sensational German invention of the Infra red equipment, with the help of which it was made possible to see at night. German cars were able to drive at any speed even in total darkness and could make out objects at about a distance of two hundred meters as clearly as in daytime.

Tanks with this equipment were able to see signs at a distance of two miles. A German rifleman was able to use the Infra red long distance target range to shoot an enemy in total darkness. (8) The Americans utilised this plundered secret for the first time in Okinawa (April- June 1945) with amazing success.

But as well in the sphere of medicine the Germans had entered into revolutionary realms. For instance had Germans found a way of producing synthetic blood plasma. This was called "Capain" and the end result was equal to natural plasma. An other discovery was "Periston", a substitute for the thinning of blood. Another product of oxidisation of Adrenalin "adrenichtome" was produced by the Germans (called Nazis) in great quantities for combatting high blood pressure. "In the USA annually 700,000 die from this condition, so the population can be served with this discovery" as Walker proudly announced.

Of course at first there were rumours that "Nazi Scientists" had frozen trial persons to death, in order to resuscitate them afterwards. Finally, the American/Jewish Alpine Expert (Michael Bar-Zonat) found four "Nazi physicians" in a laboratory of the institute of aeronautic medicine on the Estate Hirschau in Bavaria. An American Medicine-Corps-Major, Leo Alexander, interrogated these physicians in June 1945, to establish, if experiments were conducted with human victims.

The true circumstances remained unresolved, especially since all laboratory equipment for small animals was carefully preserved, yet all equipment for larger animals was destroyed. Reports and files in regards to human experiments were nowhere to be found. But just then the allied Radio brought a terrible announcement about the concentration camp Dachau, where examinations were conducted on prisoners who had been in these freezing experiments. The wireless named the SS physician Dr. Siegmund Rascher as there responsible officer. Alexander travelled to the 7th American Army, who was in charge of the area in question and who had the reputation of having confiscated an amount of secret documents from the offices of the German protection units (Schutzstaffel).

And indeed , Alexander found a complete final report personally addressed to the SS Reichs leader Heinrich Himmler. In this, there is reported of seven individuals, who were dipped naked into ice water, until they lost consciousness. In this time they were continually monitored and readings recorded. Eg, the reactions of the skin, the inner temperature of the stomach, the pulse, blood sugar readings, reactions of blood corpuscles, bone marrow viscosity etc. In about 53 to 106 minutes the trial persons had died. The allies saw it as an admission of murder on seven persons. Yet this declaration is erroneous, since the German scientists succeeded to revive these clinically dead persons (total ceasing of heart function and breathing), by immediate dipping into hot water (122 degree Fahrenheit/ 50 degree Celsius). (In every one of the dread cases of this experiment the subjects were successfully revived, both temporarily and permanently, by immediate application of water.)

Even this, for the army important research result was immediately transferred to the troops still fighting against Japan, to save fliers who could still be saved after lethal freezing experiences after being shot down. Exactly these cold exposure experiments saved Americans years of experimentation and research, according to a military surgeon of the American Army. The Germans technique for treatment after prolonged and usually fatal exposure to cold was regarded as revolutionary.

Nowadays this method of treatment after cold exposure has been adopted by all American air- and sea rescue services and is generally recognised by modern science branches. (9)

To add further to these explanations is only to say that it was no secret that there have been experiments done with humans. But in regards to these it is to necessary to stress that for these experiments were chosen volunteers. In the case of inmates of concentration camps these were informed of the risks involved before the examinations and experiments. They were lured with better prison conditions, shorter sentences or even immediate release from prison. The experiments with cold exposure have had trial runs with small animals before they were tried on humans. If is really came to cases of death has never been scientifically proved to date.

Also in the area of the textile branch had the search for German scientific and industrial secrets revealed hitherto unknown facts. For instance had the process of the German company of Rayon-knitting machines been able to save space and yet increase the production by 150%. Their left-by-left method in woven products resulted in non-laddering, durable Lady's stockings. A new German- developed machine for the manufacture of needles, would, according to Walker, revolutionise business in the USA as well as in the UK. In this case the skin or fibre had to be manipulated, and with the addition of the enzyme aspergil paracitius not only resulted in better wool but also in a 10% higher yield.

In the branch of food production, medicine and military technology were the secrets thus discovered no less impressive. One of the secrets of the food and nutrition industry was to sterilise fruit juices without the use of heat. The pasteurising process of milk by means of ultra violet rays always resulted in failure in other countries, yet the Germans found by way of extending the range of vision tubes considerably it was possible while at the same time enriching the milk with vitamin D. In a factory in Kiel British researchers of "the joint intelligence committee" found that cheeses of the "Holländer" and "Tilsit" kind were being produced by a new method at an unbelievable speed.

The cheese industry worldwide was not capable of anything coming remotely close. A dairy near Hamburg produced butter of a kind and quality highly prized by Americans, by means of a un-interrupted churning butter machine, the invention by the dairy machine factory in Stuttgart. This machine required less space than American machine and produced 1500 pounds of butter per hour. The machine was promptly shipped to the USA. Another novelty was to produce yeast in un-limited amounts, which besides that, was capable to be used at considerably higher temperatures and had double the amount of protein and several times higher than beef. Also the Germans had developed a method of preserving food by certain freezing techniques or conserve bread by means of a covering emulsion to lengthen its life to about eight months.

Of greatest importance for the future were "the Nazi secrets" in the sphere of aeronautics and of the different types of remote-control projectiles. The V2-rocket, which bombarded London, as commented on by an army-air force publication was a mere toy in comparison to what was envisaged by the Germans. When the war ended, the Americans knew that the Germans (the Nazis!) had 138 types of remote-controlled projectiles and -ignitions using: "Radio waves, radar systems, continual waves, Infrared, ultra sound, light trees and magnetism, just to mention a few."

For the propulsion were used all methods of jet drive, as also for lower, as well as supersonic speeds. Jet propulsion was even used for helicopters. The fuel used was lead to the fuel chambers in the points of the rotor blades and ignited, which caused them to rotate like the knives of a lawnmower. The German A4 Rocket, which was just then taken into production in great numbers, when the war ended, was 64 feet long, weighed more than 24,000 pounds and flew up to 230 miles distance. It rose about 100 miles above the earth and had a top speed of 3735 miles per hour, which is three times as fast as the rotation of the Earth, as it rotates around its own axle at the Equator. The secret of its top speed was the rocket motor, that burnt a mixture of liquid oxygen and alcohol.

This rocket was either radio controlled or self-guided by gyroscopic means to its target. Since the rocket was several times faster than sound, it could not be heard before it hit.

Another German rocket, which was still being developed, received the demarcation "A9". This rocket was bigger still, 29,000 pounds, and had wide wingspans, which enabled it to fly a distance of 3000 miles. It was produced in the famous Peenemünde army-trial station and achieved the unbelievable speed of 5670 miles per hour (about 8000 km/hr).

One long distance bomber, which, as the documents proclaim, had not yet been able to be produced, because the war had finished too soon, would have been capable of reaching New York from Germany within 40 minutes. Guided by just one pilot in an high pressure cabin it reached a height of about 154 miles. It was catapulted at 500 miles per hour, in order to reach its height in just 4 minutes. From there it would be gliding through the outer atmosphere, using up its fuel and then push down its target. With a hundred bombers of this kind the Germans estimated to be able to destroy every city on Earth in military actions lasting only a few days.

The Germans had also put inventions in place, which concerned themselves with the pilots, who would have to leave the plane at super speeds. Normally the head would be severed and the parachute would be riddled with holes upon opening. In order to prevent these unhappy events, an apparatus was invented, which would catapult the pilot instantly outside. The parachute was already full of holes, which was formed from bands, in criss-cross fashion, which slowed his fall until the decreasing pressure automatically freed the normal parachute.

A Nazi variation to radio piloted projectiles was the underwater torpedo, which would unerringly pursue its target, attracted by the noise of the propeller of the ship under attack. It functioned at about 40 miles per hour and left no vapor trail. As soon as it was underneath the target the explosion followed.

In the light of these fabulous inventions of the German Reich and the production of such futuristic weapons, the oft repeated slogans to urge the people to continue their war efforts by the ministry of propaganda of the German Reich appeared therefore quite feasible and by no means only nonsensical talk. In fact, had the war lasted just a few months longer or had the invasion been postponed by only half a year the war could have been won by Berlin. Some of these weapons were only in the trial stages or in the beginning of production and could have been ready for use, given more time. Alone the effect of radio directed weapons with their great accuracy would have created some horror. But not only these remote controlled projectiles, but also the jet aircrafts would have destroyed the allied bombing units, because the radio controlled torpedoes would have eliminated the enemy troop transports and warships.

According to the American clergy man Ludwig A. Fritsch the Americans stole from the Germans, those "giants of science, who had discovered the Tuberculosis-, Typhoid- and Diphtheria- Bacillus, as well as its antidotes, to free mankind from these plagues, who were able to split the atom and who found the x-rays, who were able to make fat from coal and who constructed the finest instruments on Earth," (10) Patents by the hundreds of tons, thefts whose value is not to be estimated, well into the billions in those days, which in our days would be worth well into the trillions of dollars, or, as the "Westfälische Nachrichten" newspaper so soberly exclaimed in January 1947 in these words: "With the removal of its patents and inventions, the German people have in fact paid reparations of such an extent, as no other nation in history has ever done before. These facts are being more or less conveniently overlooked abroad." And to this may be added, by post-war Germany as well!

The total quantity and value of patents stolen by the Allies can only be a rough estimate. The US-American professor for history (California and Düsseldorf), John Gimel, draws our attention to examples, in which the intellectual labour of a single German scientist or technician alone brought profits of X-million Dollars to the American companies(11). According to the disclosures of this historian the Allied forces stole German intellectual property and patents valued in the vivinity of 4,8 Billion to 12 Billion dollars.

According to the protocol of the Conference of representatives of companies and experts on 16. June 1948 in Königsstein the total value of the stolen drawings, patents and trademarks fluctuates between 12 to 30 Billion DM (Mark), of which the last figure seems most likely the more accurate. In the way of German intellectual property the "victors" confiscated about 346,000 German patents as war plunder, of which were 200,000 German patents, registered in foreign countries. Furthermore to be included in the count, there were 20,870 German trademarks and as many as 50,000 new colour shades, that had been developed in the IG Farben research centres. All in all the confiscations meant a loss for Germany of about 30 Billion DM according to Herbert Grabert. (As of 1952) (13).

For the necessary estimation of the value for the total quantity of the stolen patents alone, there exists, not surprisingly, no final and checkable number anywhere, not even in government departments where they could be expected to be held. So for instance, could the DIHT (Deutsche Industrie und Handelstag) only confess, that "unfortunately such knowledge is not available" (14)

And the DPMA (Deutsches Patent und Markenamt) found "it not possible to quantify the value of reparations incurred, due to the time-honoured confiscation by way of protective rights of German patents" (15) , while the Austrian Patent Office declares, that "examinations in regards to the mentioned stolen patents are entirely unknown." (16)

According to what guidelines could the losses and damages to the German Reich and the German nation be evaluated? The value of the stolen patents and products and the time spent and the costs necessary for the development of the products have to be added. The loss of profit for the German economy has to be worked out. Just in case such a cost-evaluation is at all possible- for at the end of the Nineteen Forties and the beginning of the Fifties such an endeavour on part of the West German Industry and Handelskammer (chamber of commerce) failed, for reasons of un-equal back-wash of companies, who feared taxation consequences if they gave the true values of their losses (17), even if this approximate valuation would be an estimation of astronomical proportions.

For C. Lester Walker the unbelievable multitude of volume appears as follows: "In 1945, the greatest theft of intellectual material took place. The discovered and stolen scientific, industrial and military secrets of National Socialist Germany were, Walker quotes with view of Washington, the greatest of this kind of robbery in the world, the first common and total exploitation of the intellectual material of an entire nation". In fact, it represents the greatest haul of intellectual property in human history.


Footnotes:

1 For details view Claus Nordbruch's book: ""Der deutsche Aderlaß. Wiedergutmachung an Deutschland und Entschädigung für Deutschland", Tübingen 2003, p 329 ff

2 Hans Dollinger (Hg) "Deutschland unter Besatzungsnächten 1945 1949, Seine Geschichte in Texten, Bildern und Dokumenten 1945-1949. München 1967 P. 282.

3 Compare Thomas STAMM ''"Zwischen Staat und Selbstverwaltung. Die deutsche Forschung in Wiederaufbau 1945 - 165" , Cologne 1981. p. 45

4 Michael Bar-Zohar, "Die Jagd auf die deutschen Wissenschaftler 1944 - 1960", Berlin 1966, page 48.

5C.Lester Walker, "translated edition, from Hans Werner Woltersdorf, "Die größte Geistbeute der Weltgeschichte", typed Manuscript o.O.u.o. J., S. 6

6 Michael Bar-Zohar, aaO. /(add. 4) P 152

7 Tom Bower, "Verschwörung Paperclip, NS-Wissenschaftler" München 1988, P 111f.

8 "German cars could drive at any speed in total blackout, seeing objects clear as day two hundred meters a head. Tanks with this device could spot targets two miles away. As sniper's cockpit enabled German riflemen to pick off a man on total blackness".

9 C. Lester Walker, "Secrets by the thousands", in Harper's Magazune, October 1946, p. 329ff., quoted http://www.histropgraphyproject.com/documents/ 19461000german_secrets.html

10 Ludwig A. Frisch, "Amerikas Verantwortung für die Verbrechung am deutschen Volk", Grabert, Tübingen 1969, P. 63

11 ebeda P. 100 f

12 ebeda P 100 f industrial disarmament 1945 - 1948", New Brunswick, 1946 P. 142

12 Nicholas Balabkins, "Germany under direct control. Economic aspects of industrial disarmament 1945 - 1948", New Brunswick, 1946 S 142

13 Herbert Grabert, "Hochschullehrer klagen as. Vom der Demontage deutscher Wissenschaft", Göttingen 1952, P. 25

14 From the letter by the German Industrie and Handelstag written to the Author on 20. July 2000.

15 Written to the author by the Deutschen Patenten- und Markenamtes, 31 August 2000.

16 Written to the author by the Österreichischen Patentamts von 3. August 2000.

17 Comp. John Gimbel, "Science Technology, and Reparations, Exploitation and Plunder in Postwar Germany", Stanford 1990, P. 158

From the series 'Corrections To Moden History, The Treat Wendig' Book 2 Published by Grabert Publishers, 72006 Tübingen, PO. Box 169


http://waronyou.com/forums/index.php?topic=2292.0;wap2



DEUTSCHE ARTIKEL RECHTS/ARTICLES FRANCAIS A DROITE

=================
The Great Patents Heist
by John de Nugent
from the The Barnes Review, March/April 1999, pp. 27-33.
First put online by Scriptorium: http://www.wintersonnenwende.com/scriptorium/english/archives/articles/patents.html



German aircraft designer and manufacturer Claudius Dornier’s Super Whale (shown below a 1920s Zeppelin). First built in 1926, it proved an important milestone in the development of flying boats, and it pioneered regular flight between Europe and South America. Germany’s motor, jet and rocket aerial creativity from early in the century until 1945 was considered remarkable. Few realize that at the end of World War I, after some 1,000 days of combat, Germany’s 35 aircraft manufacturers and 20 aero-engine plants had 18,500 planes in inventory. The Versailles Treaty forced severe curtailment of German aviation. The nations of the Inter-Allied Control commission took their pick of advanced German planes and technology, while destroying all remaining military aircraft.
One of the greatest ripoffs of all time was the theft of German patents after World War II.
It is quite acceptable to American pride to acknowledge that immigrants have contributed to our prosperity and greatness. It’s a little harder to swallow that a good deal of our scientific lead and prosperity – despite the ever-increasing burdens of non-skilled illegal immigrants and unproductive home-growns – has come from simply seizing German patents and inventions after World War I and far more so after World War II.1
There are those who claim the key to America’s felicity has been its Jewish citizens. After all, this is now a “service economy” of stockbrokers and financial and entertainment services. Could America dispense with actually manufacturing or growing anything, and instead focus on the essentials like Broadway shows, Hollywood sitcoms and currency speculation?
The message of Bernt Engelmann’s 1974 Deutschland ohne Juden, published in English by Bantam Books, New York in 1984 as Germany Without Jews, is clear: You Germans were mediocre until we Jews came, and now that we’re gone, you have sunk back into mediocrity.
Engelmann cites endless lists of great Jewish MDs of German or Austrian domicile, several of whom, such as bacteriologists Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915) and Robert Koch (1843-1910), won the Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology (Ehrlich, 1908; Koch, 1905). (However, a comrade denounces the claim that Koch was Jewish.) Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), of dubious credentials, is one of Engelmann’s prize examples.
Engelmann also slays entire forests with pages of printed paeans to forgotten Jewish playwrights, songsters, operetta producers, critics, publishers etc. How could one forget the immortal Meyerbeer? To the wary eye, it smacks of ethnic self-congratulation. One gifted Jew writes a piece, another publishes it, yet another reviews it favorably, a fourth sits at the box office counting out his money and a fifth takes his 10 percent as agent – an unconvincing proof that the nation of Mozart, Bach and Beethoven needed music lessons.
Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900) and Karl Benz (1844-1929) invented the modern gasoline engine in 1878-1887. Other Germans took the lead in 19th-century chemistry and created the first contact lens (in the 1880s), X-rays (Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895), quantum physics (discovered in 1900 by Max Planck, 1858-1947), aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) and last (and least), saccharin in 1913. As for previous centuries, the Germans got no credit for inventing the croissant or “Kipferl,” as the Germans call it, in Vienna to celebrate defeating the Turks in 1683; one notes the Turkish religious logo, the crescent (a baked good then snatched up by the French as the “croissant”). Equally, they receive zero credit for baking the first quiche, which in Lorraine and Rhinelander dialects (“Kiisch”) simply means “kitchen leftovers baked into a pie.”
Baked goods aside, the facts reveal that the most creative period in world history may have been Germany between 1932 and 1945, and that much of America’s scientific lead came from looting German patents by the ton, both in World War I and far more so after World War II.
And because Germany was so devastated after World War II, there has been a brain drain ever since of the top young German scientists – to Massachusetts and California for computers and genetics and to greater Los Angeles, Houston and Cape Canaveral for aerospace. As one German scientist remarked: “Since the war, we have not had the financing capabilities for basic research for the long-term future. That kind of serious money only the Americans have. In Germany, and in Japan, also, we do applied and clinical research for immediate applications. But to be on the cutting edge, the money and the positions are now in America and we have to go there.”2
An astounding admission of the stripping of German inventiveness after the war came in an October 1946 article by C. Lester Walker in Harper’s magazine. Entitled “Secrets by the Thousands,”*** it presents some problems for the Bernt Engelmanns of this world who imply that German science in the 1932-45 period would have been “nothing without the Jews.”
In fact, the article suggests in deadly seriousness that German Chancellor Adolf Hitler had been right, from his point of view, to prolong the war to the last gasp. According to the deputy commanding general of Army Air Forces Intelligence, Air Technical Service Command, in a speech to the American Society of Aeronautical Engineers, “The Germans were preparing rocket surprises for the whole world in general and England in particular which would have, it is believed, changed the course of the war if the invasion had been postponed for so short a time as half a year.”


Today, Hermann Oberth (white smock, center) is virtually forgotten outside related scientific circles, although he pioneered Germany’s (and therefore the world’s) space flight movement. This photo was taken in Berlin on July 23, 1930, just before Oberth demonstrated his rocket engine. To the left of the rocket is 18-year-old Wernher von Braun. He would be central to Germany’s World War II ballistic missile development at Peenemünde, a remote coastal island in the Baltic Sea. During the Third Reich’s earlier years, rocket technology was centered at Kummersdorf. Hitler visited that complex in September 1933, and it prompted him to grant the scientists more resources than they had expected.
Even without its brilliant Jewish minority, the Germans’ “V-2 rocket which bombed London was just a toy compared to what the Germans had up their sleeve.” They had 138 types of guided missiles in various stages of production or development, using every kind of remote control device or fuse: radio, radar, wire-guided, continuous wave, acoustics, infrared, light beams and magnetism. And for power the Germans were years ahead in jet propulsion at both subsonic and supersonic speeds – even creating a “jet helicopter” wherein tiny jets spun the helicopter blade tips at blinding speeds.
Just as the war was ending, and President Franklin Roosevelt was ordering both Gens. George Patton and Dwight David Eisenhower to pull back and let “Uncle Joe” (Josef Stalin) have Berlin and Eastern Europe, the Germans had been readying their giant A-4 rocket for production. Forty-six feet in length, it weighed over 24,000 pounds and could travel 230 miles – rising 60 miles over the earth to a blistering top speed of 3,375 miles per hour. Its secret was a rocket motor running on liquid nitrogen and alcohol. It was either radar controlled or self-guided by a gyroscope. Since it flew faster than the speed of sound (by many times), it could not be heard before it struck.


Technicians work on improving rocket technology in an underground factory.
Another rocket in the works was the A-9, still bigger at 29,000 pounds and equipped with wings. It had a range of 3,000 miles. Manufactured at Peenemünde, it arced into the sky at an incredible 5,870 miles per hour.
But most Americans know about German World War II rockets. A few even know that in addition to the car engine the Germans also invented the jet and perfected the superhighway or autobahn (the three most important inventions binding this vast country [i.e. America; Scriptorium ed.] together). Virtually no one knows that in Wright-Patterson Field in Ohio, in the Library of Congress and in the Department of Commerce in Washington, a “mother lode” of 1,500 tons of German patents and research papers were being mined furiously after the war. One gloating Washington bureaucrat called it “the greatest single source of this type of material in the world, the first orderly exploitation of an entire country’s brain power.”
Fortunately, it was for the benefit of the United States, which, having thwarted Hitler’s crusade against the Soviet Union, had to take up the same gauntlet against a communism spread worldwide by the late 1940s.
The genesis of the project to grab German secrets was in 1944, when, amazed by German technology in everything from rockets and jets to Tiger tanks, a Joint Intelligence Objectives committee was set up to confiscate German inventions the instant they were obtained, even before the surrender, for use against Japan.
Even before reaching the German border, fascinating discoveries began to be made, including one with which every American is familiar: audio tape. The 1946 Harper’s article shows the head of the Technical Industrial Intelligence Branch, in quaint excitement:
    …[p]ulling some brown, papery-looking ribbon off a spool. It was a quarter-inch wide, with a dull side and a shiny side. “That’s Magnetophone tape,” he said.3 “It’s plastic, metallized on one side with ferrous oxide. In Germany, that supplanted phonograph recordings. A day’s radio program can be magnetized on one reel. [Then] you can demagnetize it, wipe it off, and put on a new program at any time. No needle, no noise or record wear. An hour-long reel costs 50 cents.”
A Short History of Recording and Its Effects Upon Music by Michael Chanan4 points out that even in the late 1920s, before the “12 darkest years of German history,”5 one Fritz Pfleumer had developed a plastic recording tape. It was launched commercially by BASF6 in 1934. The idea was based on the film strip, and its original application was for dictation in an office environment. In Britain, a project funded by the great radio genius Guglielmo Marconi was attempting the same thing. (On D-Day, the Americans played audio tapes of combat loudly at various locations to try to throw off the German defenders.)
However, the great leap forward came when one A. M. Poniatoff, president of a small California company called Ampex (a trade name still familiar to the older generation), then wearing a U.S. Army uniform, helped seize German-held Radio Luxembourg in late 1944. Instantly grasping the gold mine in profits and quality which the Magnetophone tape represented, Poniatoff had the 3M Company rush the new tape into American production, and it swept the Los Angeles entertainment industry.
Its major breakthrough came in 1947 when Bing Crosby first used it to record his network shows. The crooner not only preferred the Magnetophone sound but invested heavily in Ampex. Later, movie soundtracks went onto audio tape as well, improving mixing and dubbing efficiency as well, and avoiding the infuriating mishap where a successfully shot movie scene had to be retaken due to sound defects. Ampex later went on to introduce the first videotape recorders in 1956 (all now but a memory, sacrificed on the altar of free trade with Japan).
The list goes on and on: synthetic mica, which increased American cold steel production by 1,000 percent; “the secrets for 50,000 dyes, many of [which] are faster and better than ours, colors we were never able to make”; milk, butter and bread preservation without chemicals; and refrigeration and air-conditioning for German U-boats so efficient that their subs could cruise from the Atlantic to the Pacific, fight there for two months and return to Germany without having to take on fresh water for the crew. In addition, there was the pilot ejector seat, the infrared rifle scope, and even the negative-air ionizer, which many Americans use for the fresh feeling it puts in the air, with claims of reduced blood pressure, allergy and asthma symptoms.
In addition to official government looting of Germany (what GIs always called “liberating”), there was also the personal looting bonanza exemplified by Robert Maxwell, financier extraordinaire, and at one time the most hated man in Britain. The great contribution of this Orthodox Jewish citizen, born Jan Hoch in what was then Czechoslovakia, was to found a scientific publishing empire in Britain, called Pergamon Press, based entirely on German research he had looted with British intelligence connivance. Maxwell came to dominate the British tabloid press and raided his own employees’ pension fund to the tune of 90 million pounds. He finally perished mysteriously and nakedly in a plunge from his yacht in 1991 just a week after standing up to the Israeli secret police, the Mossad – who may have set him up in business in the first place. Interestingly, his main co-conspirator in the United States, Robert Rubin, formerly of Goldman Sachs, is now secretary of the treasury.7
When not gunning down a surrendering German mayor armed only with a white flag (as he boasted in a Der Spiegel interview) or bribing British officers to invent his heroic war record (for which war record Montgomery personally pinned a medal on him), Maxwell/Hoch8 was in the British Zone of Berlin in 1946 with the full backing of British intelligence, coercing the vast research findings of the Springer science publishing house from Springer’s widow for pence on the pound.
Ultimately, after Maxwell stripped $94 million from the pension funds of the 5,000 employees of the Mirror Group, his U.S. financiers at Goldman Sachs were stripped of an estimated $250 million to settle their claims – whereupon Maxwell’s body was fished from the sea by an astonished Spaniard, to be buried with full honors in Israel and hopefully forgotten. Far from exemplifying that the Germans were nothing without Jewish scientific help, his life suggested that one Jew could become a billionaire exploiting German ideas.
Which raises the justifiable question of the atom bomb, which European Jews did produce for America and German scientists did not provide in time for Germany. In his magisterial Verschwörung und Verrat um Hitler (“Conspiracy and Treason Against Hitler”),9 Gen. Otto Ernst Remer details how anti-Hitler elements in the German scientific community maneuvered their own Werner Carl Heisenberg (b. 1901) into the key uranium-developing program at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute (now succeeded by the Max Planck Institute of Physics). His clear mission, proudly proclaimed after World War II,10 was to bureaucratically delay the German A-bomb project until the Allies had won the war.11
As just one example, munitions minister Albert Speer pleaded with Heisenberg and his fellow conspirator von Weizsäcker (brother of a later West German president) to name whatever money or materials they required after they claimed they had been held up by shortages. Von Weizsäcker’s reply asking for “40,000 marks” caused Speer to stare in amazement, and to later confess that he had himself planned to propose 100 million marks for starters.
Not only did Heisenberg state explicitly to Der Spiegel, “We never tried to produce any atomic bombs and we are glad not to be responsible for having made any,” he also admitted leaking the latest information on German uranium-splitting research to the half-Jewish Danish scientist Niels Bohr, who promptly informed his racial confreres in the U.S.
Thus, Germany did not lack the bomb because it lacked Jews, but rather because a handful of key scientists hostile to Hitler wormed their way into the German atomic program. Heisenberg had even admitted to a shocked Luftwaffe audience in 1942, after the devastating British 1,000-bomber annihilations of the port cities of Kiel and Lübeck, that Germany could produce a bomb with material “the size of a banana” (gesturing with his hands) to wipe out an entire enemy city, but then he caught himself and said this of course would be economically impossible.12

Gen. Alfred Jodl, Wehrmacht chief of staff (center with pen) representing post-Hitler head of state Adm. Karl Dönitz, signs unconditional surrender documents at Rheims, France on May 7, 1945. On that date the submarine U-234 was en route to Japan with 12 cylinders containing microfilm material on Germany’s most advanced weaponry, including advanced atomic research. In fact, Germany was capable of producing an A-bomb. On May 17 Adm. Dönitz ordered the U-boat’s captain to surrender to the U.S. Navy without destroying its top-secret cargo.
One of Gen. Remer’s most interesting assertions is that just as the Americans were racing in the final days to convert German inventions for use against Japan, Hitler was sending a U-boat packed with secrets to that same nation at Emperor Hirohito’s explicit request.
In Verschwörung und Verrat um Hitler, Remer first notes the criticism that propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels had received for his “stand-fast, the miracle weapons are coming” message after Stalingrad. Ironically, while many of these weapons came too late to save Germany from its fate of occupation, government decapitation and dismemberment, Remer reports that a member of U-234 sent him the following:
    In the spring of 1945 I was ordered to report to serve on U-234. The sub was a specially redesigned former mine layer of the type XB with 1,760 tons, 4,200 horsepower and a 52-man crew. The commander was [a] Capt. Fehler.
    On March 23, 1945 the boat steamed out of Kiel toward southern Norway unsubmerged. On April 15, 1945 it dove at South Christiansand with an immediate goal of proceeding between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. The destination was Japan.
    Our orders stated that we were to bring air force Gen. Kessler as a Luftwaffe attaché with his staff and technicians to Tokyo. The [emperor] had asked us to help build up Japan’s air defenses with the weapons developed in Germany.
    Also on board to this end were, besides the general, two air force officers, a navy anti-aircraft specialist, an underwater demolitions specialist, a low-frequency specialist from the staff of Prof. Küpfmüller as well as two Messerschmitt engineers (specialists for the construction of Me-262s)13 and two Japanese frigate captains. One of them was [a] Capt. Tomonaga, who had collaborated with us in his capacity as a specialist for one-man torpedoes14 when we were developing our own small combat boats.
    Our cargo consisted of 12 steel cylinders, of the sort used for storing in mines, containing comprehensive microfilm material on the latest developments in German offensive and defensive weaponry, especially in rocket and rocket defense
    [anti-rocket rockets; TBR ed.] warfare, as well as our research findings in the areas of high- and low-frequency technology, and finally a decisive contribution to the development of nuclear energy and atomic warfare.
    After passing through the Straits of Iceland and 28 days submerged at an average depth of 260 feet, a message reached us in the night of the 12th to the 13th of May15 during snorkel travel, in which Grand Admiral [Karl] Dönitz ordered us to capitulate. At this point in time we were located in the middle of the Atlantic, southeast of the banks of Newfoundland.
    The order to our captain was couched in a very personal tone, telling him to hand the U-boat over without destroying its valuable cargo.16 After 12 hours of debate and reflection, Capt. Fehler decided in harmony with Gen. Kessler and after informing the two Japanese frigate captains that he would be carrying out Dönitz’s order and surface to surrender. The two Japanese officers took their own lives before the boat surfaced.
    Eight hours later, U-234 was taken as a prize of war by the American destroyer Sutton and brought to the U.S. Navy base at Portland, Maine.
    The American officers and officials who subsequently interrogated us were evidently horrified over the contents of our U-boat. They criticized us for supposedly having no idea how valuable our cargo was. At the end of July 1945 the officer in charge of the investigation team declared to me that the microfilm evidence and the testimony of our technicians had proved that in decisive technical developments, we were “100 years” ahead of the United States.


1947 photo of a captured German A-4/V-2 rocket being prepared for launch during the early stages of the U.S. guided missile program. The author notes that just two years after the seizure of some 50 tons of German aerospace and physics papers by the United States (including highly advanced work regarding spacecraft), an alleged UFO incident occurred near Roswell, New Mexico.
Which raises the nagging question of where all these continual “UFO” sightings come from, which began a few short years after World War II – and the capture of German high tech. The same government which gave us the Warren Commission cover-up, the public silent treatment of the Israeli assault on the USS Liberty,17 and a blithe nonchalance about the social significance of the black/white/Asian racial differences proven in the best-selling Harvard study The Bell Curve, seems anxious to keep the public in the dark about all such “unconfirmed” sightings.18
It is at least interesting that it was just two years after the seizure of “50 tons”19 of German aerospace and physics papers that the first major UFO story, the 1947 Roswell, New Mexico incident, broke. After all, what has fascinated researchers ever since (particularly government skeptics monitoring Area 51 at Groom Lake, north of Las Vegas) is things the Germans were working on: spacecraft which use new, tough, but lightweight materials, make 180 degree turns at Mach 4 without spilling the drinks and generally defy the laws of gravity, perhaps by the use of gyroscopes within gyroscopes.
One of the most interesting sources of information is Tom Mahood’s website at http://www.sky.net/~wings/groom.htm [Scriptorium notes: this page no longer exists - try here instead], featuring photographs of Area 51, including the very serious orange border sign, pictures and information on the round-trip Vegas-to-Groom Lake air service “Janet,” as well as photos taken of the MII-60 “Pave Hawk” all-weather helicopter which patrols Area 51, and information on the hush-hush security service EG&G Corporation in Las Vegas, and even a newsletter on Groom Lake by singer Glen Campbell. What’s going on?
It is well known that the German SS sent expeditions to Tibet, reputedly a land of mind-over-matter marvels – in the late 1930s.20 The purpose was both to delve into evidence of Indo-European origins in the Himalayas and secret techniques used there, possibly including anti-gravity levitation. What ties this together with Europe, ancient America and Egypt is the finding of blond mummies or Nordic remains in or near many sites of architectural miracles.
As any reader of the three articles on Egypt in the September-October 1998 issue of TBR, or anyone who has seen the excellent programs on Egypt on the cable History Channel, can testify, both the people living in ancient Egypt and the rulers of Macchu Picchu were doing virtually gravity-defying feats in constructing their pyramids and temples.
One can only speculate as to what secrets the Germans may have revived or discovered anew during the Third Reich, and which are now being utilized by the current government in Washington. It is well known from excavations of blond mummies in Egypt and in South America by Thor Heyerdahl as well as the statements of Mexican Emperor Montezuma (welcoming the Spanish “back” as their fabled “white gods”) that some sort of ancient white scientists or advanced physicists were involved with the origins of these cultures. Even the Chinese admit the existence of red-haired, blue-eyed tribes constantly infiltrating into ancient China (of which pictorial evidence is presented in a recent National Geographic). The great teacher Confucius himself (roughly 551-479 B.C.), of the noble K’ung family, was said to be a man of unusually tall stature for a Chinese, and Genghiz Khan (A.D. 1167-1227), the Mongol conqueror, had red hair and green eyes.
But the historical blackout continues. The government appears to be willing to hint that “aliens” from outer space are behind all this high tech. God forbid it should turn out that ancient Indo-Europeans were doing these things thousands of years ago, or especially Germans researching without the benefit of the Jews in the Third Reich.

“Operation Paper Clip”

According to the U.S. Zone Report of October 1945, 66,500 “prominent Nazis” had been interned in the American Zone as of September 1945. By the end of that year, another 70,000 “prominent Nazis” had been interned in the British Zone. In addition, 156,000 persons were “dismissed” from public service in the British Zone between May, 1945, and September, 1946, and 86,000 applications from other persons who tried to obtain employment in one of the restricted occupations were rejected.*
Just three days after the end of World War II, German soldiers dig earth shelters at Dallien in the U.S. zone. As cold weather set in, these shelters (and food supplies) proved inadequate, with a death rate of 30 percent per year.
Concerning the fate of German prisoners of war, it should be noted that more German soldiers died or were murdered while in Soviet captivity than were killed or wounded on the Western front from D-Day to the May 7, 1945 surrender. Hundreds of thousands of Germans soldiers and civilians suffered the same fate in Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and Poland.** And in the French sector, 40,000 German POWs were coerced into joining the French Foreign Legion. Ironically, these veterans again found themselves facing a communist-inspired adversary as most were sent to French Indochina (Vietnam) to fight against the Vietminh insurgents seeking to “free” the region from French colonial rule.
By 1944, the western Allied “Operation Paper Clip” was under way, named after the clips on the file cards of German scientists. Those engaged hunted “living science,” and also pursued German patents and business secrets. They finally succeeded in stealing both. According to a statement released by the U.S. Department of Defense in February 1950, 24,000 German scientists and technicians were “questioned in detail,” and 523 of them were “brought into the U.S.A.” Of these, 362 were “requested” to take steps for the acquisition of U.S. citizenship. These German scientists, according to the manager of Operation Paper Clip, “saved at least $1 billion in weapons expenditures and at least 10 years in development time already by May 1949.”
Although the Americans were the initiators of the intellectual plundering of Germany, it was practiced by all the victors – the United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union.
When World War II came to an end, the experts of the French, the Soviets and the British were just as ready as the Office of Technical Services in Washington (OTS). The London office of the British Intelligence Objectives Subcommittee said proudly, “The production secrets we take away from Germany are a bigger blow than the loss of East Prussia.” Even the prime minister of Australia, Joseph B. Chifley, admitted in a radio address in September 1949 that “the booty of 6,000 German industrial reports and of 46 German scientists given to Australia” possessed a value that could not be calculated in money and now enabled Australian producers to also play a prominent role in industrial world production.
This booty was so great that very soon one was unable to count the documents, and they were measured by weight of paper. The U.S. Air Research and Development Command at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio in this way received “without doubt the greatest collection of captured secret methods in the world,” and it weighed 1,554 tons.
An official of the OTS called this office with the mission to distribute the techno-scientific progress of Germany “the first organization in the world with the purpose to bleed dry the inventive power of an entire people.” It disposed of more than 3,000 tons of documents seized in Germany.
So that nobody could come along and denounce all this wholesale robbery and plunder as a war crime, it had to be arranged that all Germans of those times would be continuously defamed and treated as criminals, barbarians, “war criminals,” “militarists,” “fascists” (with the propaganda-meaning of satanic evil) – so that none of these undesirable people who might hold such opinions should occupy any position from which the public could be reached. That is the reason for Allied control officers at German universities, for Allied writers or assistants in the rewriting of German historical textbooks, and for as many as possible foreign lecturers for history and political sciences at German universities.
And while the certainly not timid Nazis had removed 1,628 university teachers (with pensions), the anti-Nazis in 1945 victimized no less than 4,289 professors and teachers. And they did not receive any pensions. As Christ und Welt calculated in 1950, the Nazis removed 9.5 percent of the university personnel. The Allies removed 32.1 percent.
Nearly every third German university professor in the Western sectors was deprived of his teaching or research position by the victors. And in all of Germany, it was every second teacher. By 1946, 1,028 professors and teachers had come from the eastern territories and from central Germany into the area of the later Bundesrepublik as unemployed refugees, and later on thousands more followed. But in 1946 the denazification had just begun, which ordered, according to Control Council Directive No. 24 of January 1, 1946, the immediate removal of former National Socialists “from all offices and from numerous professions” alone in the American Zone. For example, 373,762 persons by the end of 1946 were found “unsuited for any public function or work in the economy except as laborers.” (Zischka, Anton, War es ein Wunder, pp. 153-54.)
==================
*M. Balfour, Viermächtekontrolle in Deutschland, p. 266. …back…
**At the time the author of this sidebar, Udo Walendy, wrote these words, Eisenhower’s criminal treatment of German POWs, wherein he deliberately penned them in barbed wire enclosures – an atrocity which, according to James Bacque’s Other Losses claimed the lives of some 900,000 defeated German men – was unknown to him. [Udo Walendy, The Brainwashing of the German Nation, 1999, published by TBR.] -Ed. …back…



Notes:
1The most prominent war booty which Woodrow Wilson seized in 1917 was the patent on aspirin, that “miracle drug”. …back…
2In Anton Zischka’s Und war es ein Wunder (“And It Was a Miracle”), pp. 153-154 we read: “If the surely not oversensitive Nazis had retired [with pension!] a total of 1,628 professors when they took power, the victims of the [Allied] anti-Nazis numbered no less than 4,289 professors and instructors, who received no pension whatsoever. As the newspaper Christ und Welt calculated in 1950, the Nazis dismissed 9.8 percent of their university teaching staff, the Allies 32.1 percent. Almost every third German professor lost his teaching or research post through the will of the victors. In Germany as a whole it was every second professor… In accordance with Control Commission Directive No. 24 of January 1, 1946, a total of 373,762 persons were found inappropriate for any public service or economic activity above that of manual laborer.” Quoted in Remer, Otto Ernst, Verschwörung und Verrat um Hitler (“Conspiracy and Treason against Hitler”), p. 267. See below (Note 9). …back…
3Magnétophone is still the French word for an audiotape player. …back…
4London, Verso Publishing, 1995. …back…
5The mantra-like phrase every modern German schoolchild learns about the Hitler period. …back…
6A German chemical giant, which nowadays has a large plant for adhesives and audiotape in North Carolina. …back…
fate in Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and Poland.** And in the French sector, 40,000 German POWs were coerced into joining the French Foreign Legion. Ironically, these veterans again found themselves facing a communist-inspired adversary as most were sent to French Indochina (Vietnam) to fight against the Vietminh insurgents seeking to “free” the region from French colonial rule.
By 1944, the western Allied “Operation Paper Clip” was under way, named after the clips on the file cards of German scientists. Those engaged hunted “living science,” and also pursued German patents and business secrets. They finally succeeded in stealing both. According to a statement released by the U.S. Department of Defense in February 1950, 24,000 German scientists and technicians were “questioned in detail,” and 523 of them were “brought into the U.S.A.” Of these, 362 were “requested” to take steps for the acquisition of U.S. citizenship. These German scientists, according to the manager of Operation Paper Clip, “saved at least $1 billion in weapons expenditures and at least 10 years in development time already by May 1949.”
Although the Americans were the initiators of the intellectual plundering of Germany, it was practiced by all the victors – the United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union.
When World War II came to an end, the experts of the French, the Soviets and the British were just as ready as the Office of Technical Services in Washington (OTS). The London office of the British Intelligence Objectives Subcommittee said proudly, “The production secrets we take away from Germany are a bigger blow than the loss of East Prussia.” Even the prime minister of Australia, Joseph B. Chifley, admitted in a radio address in September 1949 that “the booty of 6,000 German industrial reports and of 46 German scientists given to Australia” possessed a value that could not be calculated in money and now enabled Australian producers to also play a prominent role in industrial world production.
This booty was so great that very soon one was unable to count the documents, and they were measured by weight of paper. The U.S. Air Research and Development Command at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio in this way received “without doubt the greatest collection of captured secret methods in the world,” and it weighed 1,554 tons.
An official of the OTS called this office with the mission to distribute the techno-scientific progress of Germany “the first organization in the world with the purpose to bleed dry the inventive power of an entire people.” It disposed of more than 3,000 tons of documents seized in Germany.
So that nobody could come along and denounce all this wholesale robbery and plunder as a war crime, it had to be arranged that all Germans of those times would be continuously defamed and treated as criminals, barbarians, “war criminals,” “militarists,” “fascists” (with the propaganda-meaning of satanic evil) – so that none of these undesirable people who might hold such opinions should occupy any position from which the public could be reached. That is the reason for Allied control officers at German universities, for Allied writers or assistants in the rewriting of German historical textbooks, and for as many as possible foreign lecturers for history and political sciences at German universities.
And while the certainly not timid Nazis had removed 1,628 university teachers (with pensions), the anti-Nazis in 1945 victimized no less than 4,289 professors and teachers. And they did not receive any pensions. As Christ und Welt calculated in 1950, the Nazis removed 9.5 percent of the university personnel. The Allies removed 32.1 percent.
Nearly every third German university professor in the Western sectors was deprived of his teaching or research position by the victors. And in all of Germany, it was every second teacher. By 1946, 1,028 professors and teachers had come from the eastern territories and from central Germany into the area of the later Bundesrepublik as unemployed refugees, and later on thousands more followed. But in 1946 the denazification had just begun, which ordered, according to Control Council Directive No. 24 of January 1, 1946, the immediate removal of former National Socialists “from all offices and from numerous professions” alone in the American Zone. For example, 373,762 persons by the end of 1946 were found “unsuited for any public function or work in the economy except as laborers.” (Zischka, Anton, War es ein Wunder, pp. 153-54.)
==================
*M. Balfour, Viermächtekontrolle in Deutschland, p. 266. …back…
**At the time the author of this sidebar, Udo Walendy, wrote these words, Eisenhower’s criminal treatment of German POWs, wherein he deliberately penned them in barbed wire enclosures – an atrocity which, according to James Bacque’s Other Losses claimed the lives of some 900,000 defeated German men – was unknown to him. [Udo Walendy, The Brainwashing of the German Nation, 1999, published by TBR.] -Ed. …back…
Just three days after the end of World War II, German soldiers dig earth shelters at Dallien in the U.S. zone. As cold weather set in, these shelters (and food supplies) proved inadequate, with a death rate of 30 percent per year.
Notes:
1The most prominent war booty which Woodrow Wilson seized in 1917 was the patent on aspirin, that “miracle drug”. …back…
2In Anton Zischka’s Und war es ein Wunder (“And It Was a Miracle”), pp. 153-154 we read: “If the surely not oversensitive Nazis had retired [with pension!] a total of 1,628 professors when they took power, the victims of the [Allied] anti-Nazis numbered no less than 4,289 professors and instructors, who received no pension whatsoever. As the newspaper Christ und Welt calculated in 1950, the Nazis dismissed 9.8 percent of their university teaching staff, the Allies 32.1 percent. Almost every third German professor lost his teaching or research post through the will of the victors. In Germany as a whole it was every second professor… In accordance with Control Commission Directive No. 24 of January 1, 1946, a total of 373,762 persons were found inappropriate for any public service or economic activity above that of manual laborer.” Quoted in Remer, Otto Ernst, Verschwörung und Verrat um Hitler (“Conspiracy and Treason against Hitler“), p. 267. See below (Note 9). …back…
3Magnétophone is still the French word for an audiotape player. …back…
4London, Verso Publishing, 1995. …back…
5The mantra-like phrase every modern German schoolchild learns about the Hitler period. …back…
6A German chemical giant, which nowadays has a large plant for adhesives and audiotape in North Carolina. …back…
7See Maxwell articles in The Spotlight newspaper of Nov. 18, 1991; May 16, 1994; April 10 and May 1, 1995; and Feb. 3, 1997. …back…
8And, briefly, Du Maurier, after a popular cigarette. …back…
9Verschwörung und Verrat um Hitler, Urteil des Frontsoldaten (“Judgement by a front-line soldier”), Otto Ernst Remer, general, retired, Verlag K. W. Schütz, Preussisch Oldendorf, 1981. Remer was a highly decorated combat officer, a ramrod straight old-style Prussian. Bearer of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (personally presented to him by Hitler), he instantly thwarted the July 20, 1944 officers’ putsch against Hitler once he had heard Hitler’s voice on the phone stating that he was alive and how to proceed. After the founding of the Federal Republic of Germany, he founded the highly popular Socialist German Reich Party (13 percent of the vote), which the Allies banned. He had to flee Germany in the early 1990s and died in Spanish political exile in 1996. …back…
10Der Spiegel, Nov. 24, 1952. …back…
11No more unbelievable than people calling themselves “Americans” parading the streets of Washington, D.C. during time of war in 1968, screaming: “Ho! Ho! Ho Chi Minh! Viet Cong are gonna win!” …back…
12Remer, pp. 285-291. …back…
13The German 500-mph fighter-bomber. …back…
14One intact example of such a manned torpedo may be seen at the Mystic Seaport museum in Connecticut. …back…
15After the German surrender and the arrest of all its officials, including Hitler’s successor, Grand Admiral von Dönitz. …back…
16Dönitz, who had been chosen as successor by Hitler because of his immaculate war record as well as his genuine National Socialist leanings, apparently felt that whatever his admiration for the fighting Japanese people, it would be better that the Americans get these secrets for use against the Soviets than for their ally (who had not notified Berlin before she attacked Pearl Harbor) to receive them in an obviously losing cause. …back…
17U.S. Navy officers seem well aware of this outrage. The author spoke with a Navy captain (and, coincidentally, Mayflower descendant), who waved his hand and said, “Don’t get me started.” …back…
18Which is the same as “unconfirmed sightings” of Vietnam-era American POWs, and the standard operating procedure when the Pentagon, CIA or White House has something to hide: “We will neither confirm nor deny…” …back…
19Walker, p. 329. …back…
20In fact, one expedition was trivialized into a movie, Seven Years in Tibet, about the real SS man Heinrich Harrer – played by Brad Pitt – and a young dalai lama. …back…
***We have been trying to locate a copy of this article, “Secrets by the Thousands”. Interestingly, in every collection of Harper’s which we have found to date – even that held in a prestigious university research library – the October 1946 issue is missing. A coincidence? Fortunately this document exists in cyber-format! …back…




 ========JFK on Hitler and his Reich
Kennedy’s 1945 Visit to Germany
By Mark Weber
In late July and early August 1945, just weeks after the end of the war in Europe, the 28-year-old John F. Kennedy visited war-devastated Germany. Accompanying him on this tour was US Navy Secretary James Forrestal (whom President Truman later appointed as the first Secretary of Defense).
Kennedy recorded his experiences and observations in a diary that was not made public until 1995. (It was published under the title Prelude to Leadership: The European Diary of John F. Kennedy, Summer 1945.)
These diary entries show the youthful Kennedy’s wide-ranging curiosity and eye for telling detail — attributes that were also manifest in his two best-selling books, While England Slept (1940) and Profiles in Courage. Earlier in 1945, he had attended the opening session of the United Nations organization in San Francisco, and had visited Britain to view the parliamentary election campaign, covering both events as a journalist for the Hearst newspaper chain.
In Berlin, Kennedy noted upon his arrival there on July 28, “The devastation is complete. [The] Unter den Linden [boulevard] and the streets are relatively clear, but there is not a single building which is not gutted. On some of the streets the stench — sweet and sickish from dead bodies — is overwhelming.” For the Berlin population, he reported, “The basic ration is 1 1/2 pounds a day — approximately 1,200 calories (2,000 considered by the health authorities for normal diet — the ration is only 900 calories in Vienna).”
Nuremberg 1945
Kennedy made several diary references to the ferocity of the Soviet Russian occupation of Germany. “The Russians moved in with such violence at the beginning — stripping factories and raping women — that they alienated the German members of the Communistic Party, which had some strength in the factories.” “Raping and looting” by Soviet troops “was general,” Kennedy also reported. “What they didn’t take, they destroyed.” Elsewhere he wrote: “The Russians have pretty well plundered the country, have been living off it … The Russians have been taking all the able-bodied men and women and shipping them away.”
He also took note of the impact of the devastating British-American air attacks: “According to our naval experts, the bombing of Germany was not effective in stopping their production, and production increased three-fold during 1942-1944.” Right until the end, Kennedy also reported, an adequate food distribution was maintained in the German capital: “The feeding in Berlin was extremely well organized, even in the most severe blitz.”
US Navy lieutenant John Kennedy traveled with Admiral James Forrestal;
JFK seemed destined to something higher to all who knew him.
Kennedy and Forrestal also visited Bremen, an important north German industrial and commercial center, and a major port city. As Kennedy reported, the Russians were not the only occupation forces to carry out wide-scale looting in Germany: “The British had gone into Bremen ahead of us — and everyone was unanimous in their description of British looting and destruction, which had been very heavy. They had taken everything which at all related to the sea — ships, small boats, lubricants, machinery, etc.”
He also noted misdeeds of US troops. “Americans looted town [Bremen] heavily on arrival,” he wrote. “People do not seem to realize,” he added, “how fortunate they have been in escaping the Russians. As far as looting the homes and the towns, however, the British and Americans have been very guilty.” In Bremen, Kennedy wrote, the Germans’ diet “is about 1,200 calories — ours being 4,000.” In spite of everything, “none of the [American] officers and men here seem to have any particular hate for the Germans.”
A German Schnellboot
Kennedy met and spoke with US Navy officials in Bremen. Because he had been commander of an American torpedo boat in the Pacific — the famous PT-109 — he had a special interest in the German counterpart — the Schnellboot or “E boat.” After looking into the matter in some detail, Kennedy concluded that the German version was “far superior to our PT boat.”

Hitler’s Place in History

After Bremen and Bremerhaven, Kennedy and Forrestal flew to Bavaria, where they visited the town of Berchtesgaden and then drove up to Hitler’s mountain retreat, which was “completely gutted, the result of an air attack from 12,000 pound bombs by the R.A.F. [British air force] in an attempt on Hitler’s life.”
The Berghof in 1936, in peacetime…..
After the American bombing, in May 1945…..

They then entered a special tunnel…..
[walked toward the elevator]……
….ascended [via the famous brass elevator]
……through solid rock up into Hitler’s “Eagle’s Nest” higher still in the mountains.
Just after this visit, Kennedy wrote a remarkable commentary in his diary, dated August 1, 1945, about Hitler and his place in history:
“After visiting these places, you can easily understand how that within a few years

Hitler will emerge from the hatred that surrounds him now as one of the most significant figures who ever lived.

“He had boundless ambition for his country which rendered him a menace to the peace of the world, but he had a mystery about him in the way that he lived and in the manner of his death that will live and grow after him.

He had in him the stuff of which legends are made.”

.
Less than a year after this European tour, Kennedy was elected to Congress in Massachusetts, beginning a political career that took him to the White House, and which ended suddenly with his death on November 22, 1963.
From The Journal of Historical Review, May-June 1999 (Vol. 18, No. 3), pp. 30.
==============JFK APPOINTS TOP THIRD REICH ROCKET SCIENTISTS TO LEAD NASA SPACE PROGRAM
President Eisenhower, who as an Army general had led the effort to crush the Third Reich, was very averse to hiring former Hitler scientists for the US space program. but John Kennedy reversed that policy. One of the key scientists he favored was Wernher von Braun, here with his V-2 rocket team at the Baltic coastal town of Peenemünde
And below you see von Braun with President Kennedy. (Btw, I am friends with a son of Wernher von Braun, David Scott, a “love child” that von Braun had with an attractive American mistress. Also, my grandfather John Thomas Colwell, during his 25-year career as a federal auditor, was sent to Huntsville, Alabama to audit the rocket program being developed by von Braun and met and went over the books with him, finding him a charming man. My daughter Ingrid also played with von Braun’s great-niece Amrei when we lived in Alexandria, Virginia, where Wernher von Braun is also buried….)
Werner von Braun chats with President Kennedy with Air Force One behind a throng of Air Force and Army officers

The goal of the Kennedys, father and sons, was to pretend to be liberal, pretend to be pro-Jewish, and then get the power via the White House to destroy the Jewish-controlled Fed, which the experienced and successful banker Joseph Kennedy Sr. saw correctly as the ultimate financial source of all modern Jewish powerthe power to print money and either lend it or not, the power to trigger depressions and foreclose on businesses, hoes and cars, the power to cut off credit, and thus the power to bankrupt their patriotic enemies and complete the Jewish takeover of our media, our politicians (who always desperately need campaign money) and our entire nation.

Joseph Kennedy Junior, the patriarch Joseph Kennedy Junior, and John Fitzgerald Kennedy, July 1938.
Joe, husky, smart and strong, and the eldest, was chosen by his father to run for president, but he died in a “mysterious” plane explosion in WWII after President Roosevelt and his father had come to nearly open conflict. Roosevelt threatened to destroy the pro-German, pro-Hitler Kennedys using an IRS investigation of Joseph Kennedy Senior’s hidden whisky income during Prohibition. On August 12, 1944, when Joe Junior as a US Navy pilot was guiding an experimental B-17 toward Germany, following 300 ft (91 m) behind him in a de Havilland Mosquito “to film the mission” was Colonel Elliott Roosevelt, USAAF, son of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Suddenly, the plane exploded in mid-air.
There is no “Kennedy curse,” but instead Jews — allied with Roosevelt, Johnson and others — have been killing the secretly anti-.Jewish Kennedys one by one. In the photo below, JFK, killed in 1963, Robert, killed in 1968, and Teddy, who suffered a “small plane crash” on June 19, 1964 in which one of his aides and the pilot were killed. Ted was pulled from the wreckage and spent weeks in a hospital recovering from a broken back, a punctured lung, broken ribs, and internal bleeding. After Robert was killed, Ted was the last brother alive, and began drinking heavily, engaging in self-destructive behavior (leading to Chappaquiddick), and the little brother, now a US senator, began voting exactly as the Jews ordered to stay alive.
As DeWest Hooker revealed to Piper, the patriarch, Joseph Kennedy Senior, had taught John and Robert all about Jewish power. Together, with cunning, they all were working toward a massive strike against the Jews from the power of White House, all the while hiring and using various Jews such as press secretary Pierre Salinger as a “cover,” and pretending outwardly to be total pro-Jewish liberals. The patriarch even asked through Hooker the head of the American Nazi Party, former US Navy commander George Lincoln Rockwell, to put out the slogan “Nazis for Nixon, Kikes for Kennedy” to trick Jews into believing that JFk was their friend, pro-Jewish and pro-Israel — unlike his father. With the antisemites attacking JFK, the trick worked — and the Jewish vote in NY, NJ and Florida, plus favorable Jewish media coverage nationwide, helped Senator John Kennedy beat Vice President Richard Nixon in 1960 and enter the White House.